Objective: It is understood that the ability to measure ocular temperature accurately will increase understanding of ocular physiology and should be a support in decision-making in classical diagnostic procedures. The use of ocular thermography offers great opportunities for monitoring the temperature of the anterior eye and analyzing the effects of certain pathologies on ocular surface temperature (OST). The aim of the present work is to measure the OST of 220 healthy normal subjects, stratified according to gender and age, in order to obtain a normal temperature distribution to be used as reference values when comparing healthy versus pathological conditions. Approach: The OST is measured from five regions, located over the whole area of the anterior eye, which correspond to particular anatomic structures, through a semi-automated procedure to post-process the infrared images. The relationship between OST and independent variables (forehead skin temperature, age, gender, level of physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors including sedentary lifestyle and smoking, laboratory temperature, and laboratory humidity) was investigated through linear regression models. Main results: The OSTs measured from the five different ocular regions are statistically different (p -value < 0.001), even when dividing our subjects into males and females, with the nasal cantus being the hottest region and the central cornea the coolest; when considering also the effect of age, stratifying our subjects into young, middle-aged and elderly, the OST decreases when age increases significantly. Statistical analysis based on linear regression models pointed out that age, forehead skin temperature, and lab temperature are the main factors to be taken into account when exploring the OST. Significance: As OST evaluation can be important in detecting different ocular pathologies, having precise details of the variation in temperature across the ocular surface and therefore a more detailed map of the OST adjusted according to subject characteristics and environment conditions could enhance early diagnosis and thus course of treatments.

Infrared thermographic investigation on the ocular surface temperature of normal subjects / Matteoli S.; Vannetti F.; Sodi A.; Corvi A.. - In: PHYSIOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT. - ISSN 0967-3334. - STAMPA. - 41:(2020), pp. 045003-045013. [10.1088/1361-6579/ab6b48]

Infrared thermographic investigation on the ocular surface temperature of normal subjects

Matteoli S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Vannetti F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Corvi A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020

Abstract

Objective: It is understood that the ability to measure ocular temperature accurately will increase understanding of ocular physiology and should be a support in decision-making in classical diagnostic procedures. The use of ocular thermography offers great opportunities for monitoring the temperature of the anterior eye and analyzing the effects of certain pathologies on ocular surface temperature (OST). The aim of the present work is to measure the OST of 220 healthy normal subjects, stratified according to gender and age, in order to obtain a normal temperature distribution to be used as reference values when comparing healthy versus pathological conditions. Approach: The OST is measured from five regions, located over the whole area of the anterior eye, which correspond to particular anatomic structures, through a semi-automated procedure to post-process the infrared images. The relationship between OST and independent variables (forehead skin temperature, age, gender, level of physical activity, cardiovascular risk factors including sedentary lifestyle and smoking, laboratory temperature, and laboratory humidity) was investigated through linear regression models. Main results: The OSTs measured from the five different ocular regions are statistically different (p -value < 0.001), even when dividing our subjects into males and females, with the nasal cantus being the hottest region and the central cornea the coolest; when considering also the effect of age, stratifying our subjects into young, middle-aged and elderly, the OST decreases when age increases significantly. Statistical analysis based on linear regression models pointed out that age, forehead skin temperature, and lab temperature are the main factors to be taken into account when exploring the OST. Significance: As OST evaluation can be important in detecting different ocular pathologies, having precise details of the variation in temperature across the ocular surface and therefore a more detailed map of the OST adjusted according to subject characteristics and environment conditions could enhance early diagnosis and thus course of treatments.
2020
41
045003
045013
Matteoli S.; Vannetti F.; Sodi A.; Corvi A.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1265206
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