In the last thirty years, the aerodynamic nonlinearities related to the slow variation of the angle of attack produced by large-scale atmospheric turbulence and their impact on the buffeting response of long-span suspension bridges have been a hot topic in wind engineering research. Self-excited forces accounting for such an effect of turbulence have been crucial in predicting the dynamic response of bridge sectional models subjected to multi-harmonic gusts. In contrast, only few studies on full suspension bridges in realistic turbulent flows are available. To fill this gap, the 2D RFA model for self-excited forces, recently developed and experimentally validated by the authors, in this paper is incorporated into a stochastic time-variant state-space framework to assess the nonlinear buffeting response of a suspension bridge. The most important feature of this model is the modulation of the self-excited forces due to the spatio-temporal fluctuation of the angle of attack produced by low-frequency turbulence. Moreover, the nonlinear external buffeting forces are formulated to achieve a reasonable compromise between the conflicting needs of modelling both nonlinear and unsteady effects of wind velocity fluctuations. The model is applied to the Hardanger Bridge in Norway, considering different wind conditions. Indeed, the aerodynamic derivatives of this bridge deck cross-section present a strong dependence on the mean angle of attack. The results emphasise the significant impact on the buffeting response and flutter stability of considering time-variant self-excited forces, though in specific cases the classical time-invariant approach is found to provide accurate predictions of the bridge vibrations. Finally, the paper investigates the sensitivity of the response statistics to the model cut-offs used to separate the low-frequency and the high-frequency turbulence bands.

Buffeting response of a suspension bridge based on the 2D rational function approximation model for self-excited forces / Barni, Niccolò; Øiseth, Ole A.; Mannini, Claudio. - In: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES. - ISSN 0141-0296. - ELETTRONICO. - 261:(2022), pp. 114267-114267. [10.1016/j.engstruct.2022.114267]

Buffeting response of a suspension bridge based on the 2D rational function approximation model for self-excited forces

Barni, Niccolò
Conceptualization
;
Mannini, Claudio
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

In the last thirty years, the aerodynamic nonlinearities related to the slow variation of the angle of attack produced by large-scale atmospheric turbulence and their impact on the buffeting response of long-span suspension bridges have been a hot topic in wind engineering research. Self-excited forces accounting for such an effect of turbulence have been crucial in predicting the dynamic response of bridge sectional models subjected to multi-harmonic gusts. In contrast, only few studies on full suspension bridges in realistic turbulent flows are available. To fill this gap, the 2D RFA model for self-excited forces, recently developed and experimentally validated by the authors, in this paper is incorporated into a stochastic time-variant state-space framework to assess the nonlinear buffeting response of a suspension bridge. The most important feature of this model is the modulation of the self-excited forces due to the spatio-temporal fluctuation of the angle of attack produced by low-frequency turbulence. Moreover, the nonlinear external buffeting forces are formulated to achieve a reasonable compromise between the conflicting needs of modelling both nonlinear and unsteady effects of wind velocity fluctuations. The model is applied to the Hardanger Bridge in Norway, considering different wind conditions. Indeed, the aerodynamic derivatives of this bridge deck cross-section present a strong dependence on the mean angle of attack. The results emphasise the significant impact on the buffeting response and flutter stability of considering time-variant self-excited forces, though in specific cases the classical time-invariant approach is found to provide accurate predictions of the bridge vibrations. Finally, the paper investigates the sensitivity of the response statistics to the model cut-offs used to separate the low-frequency and the high-frequency turbulence bands.
2022
261
114267
114267
Barni, Niccolò; Øiseth, Ole A.; Mannini, Claudio
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1265934
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