The contribution of brain regions to visuospatial abilities according to sex differences and gender identity is inconsistently described. One potential explaining factor may be the different tasks employed requiring a variable load of working memory and other cognitive resources. Here we asked to 20 cis and 20 transgender participants to undergo functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging during performance of a judgement line of orientation test that was adapted to explore the basic visuospatial processing while minimizing the working memory load. We show that V1 activation may be viewed as a brain area with enhanced activation in males, regardless of participants’ gender identity. On its turn, gender identity exclusively influences the visuospatial processing of extrastriate visual areas (V5) in women with gender dysphoria. They showed enhanced V5 activation and an increased functional connectivity between V5 and V1. Overall our neuroimaging results suggest that the basic visuospatial abilities are associated with different activations pattern of cortical visual areas depending on the sex assigned at birth and gender identity.

The fMRI correlates of visuo-spatial abilities: sex differences and gender dysphoria / Gavazzi, Gioele; Fisher, Alessandra Daphne; Orsolini, Stefano; Bianchi, Andrea; Romani, Alessia; Giganti, Fiorenza; Giovannelli, Fabio; Ristori, Jiska; Mazzoli, Francesca; Maggi, Mario; Viggiano, Maria Pia; Mascalchi, Mario. - In: BRAIN IMAGING AND BEHAVIOR. - ISSN 1931-7557. - STAMPA. - 16:(2022), pp. 955-964. [10.1007/s11682-022-00638-5]

The fMRI correlates of visuo-spatial abilities: sex differences and gender dysphoria

Gavazzi, Gioele;Fisher, Alessandra Daphne;Orsolini, Stefano;Giganti, Fiorenza;Giovannelli, Fabio;Ristori, Jiska;Mazzoli, Francesca;Maggi, Mario;Viggiano, Maria Pia;Mascalchi, Mario
2022

Abstract

The contribution of brain regions to visuospatial abilities according to sex differences and gender identity is inconsistently described. One potential explaining factor may be the different tasks employed requiring a variable load of working memory and other cognitive resources. Here we asked to 20 cis and 20 transgender participants to undergo functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging during performance of a judgement line of orientation test that was adapted to explore the basic visuospatial processing while minimizing the working memory load. We show that V1 activation may be viewed as a brain area with enhanced activation in males, regardless of participants’ gender identity. On its turn, gender identity exclusively influences the visuospatial processing of extrastriate visual areas (V5) in women with gender dysphoria. They showed enhanced V5 activation and an increased functional connectivity between V5 and V1. Overall our neuroimaging results suggest that the basic visuospatial abilities are associated with different activations pattern of cortical visual areas depending on the sex assigned at birth and gender identity.
2022
16
955
964
Gavazzi, Gioele; Fisher, Alessandra Daphne; Orsolini, Stefano; Bianchi, Andrea; Romani, Alessia; Giganti, Fiorenza; Giovannelli, Fabio; Ristori, Jiska; Mazzoli, Francesca; Maggi, Mario; Viggiano, Maria Pia; Mascalchi, Mario
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1267047
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