Introduction: Membrane fouling is a significant complication potentially reducing clinical effects of extracorporeal blood purification (EBP) in critically ill septic patients with acute kidney injury. Although fascinating, the effect of heparin coating in preventing membrane fouling is currently unknown. This multicenter prospective study aims to preliminary describe the incidence, associated factors, and clinical consequences of premature circuit clotting in a cohort of adult critically ill septic patients treated with EBP using a high biocompatible heparin-coated hemodiafilter characterized by advanced adsorption properties. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of prospectively entered data in the oXirisNet Registry; overall, 97 septic patients undergoing EBP with oXiris between May 2019 and March 2020 were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the occurrence of filter clotting (premature vs. nonpremature). Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with premature circuit clotting. Results: Premature clotting occurred in 18 (18.6%) patients. Results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that hematocrit (p = 0.02, odds ratio [OR] 1.15 [1.05; 1.30]), serum procalcitonin (PCT) (p = 0.03, OR 1.1 [1.05; 1.2]), and anticoagulation strategy (p = 0.05 at Wald's test) were independent predictors of circuit clotting. Systemic anticoagulation (p = 0.02, OR 0.03 [0.01; 0.52]) and regional citrate anticoagulation (p = 0.10, OR 0.23 [0.04; 1.50]) were both protective factors if compared to no-anticoagulation strategy. Patients with nonpremature circuit clotting showed more rapid recovery from hemodynamic instability, pulmonary hypo-oxygenation, and electrolyte disorders and greater improvement of inflammatory markers and SOFA scores. Conclusion: Although in this study the incidence of premature circuit clotting was relatively low (18.6%) compared to previously reported values (54%), membrane clotting in adult critically ill septic patients could cause clinically relevant interferences with treatment performances. Prevention of clotting should be based on avoiding higher patients' hematocrit, high serum PCT, and no-anticoagulation strategy which resulted as independent predictors of circuit clotting.

A Role of Circuit Clotting and Strategies to Prevent It during Blood Purification Therapy with oXiris Membrane: An Observational Multicenter Study / Villa G.; Fioccola A.; Mari G.; Cecchi M.; Pomare Montin D.; Scire-Calabrisotto C.; De Rosa S.; Ricci Z.; Rosalia R.A.; Resta M.V.; Ferrari F.; Patera F.; Greco M.; Ronco C.; Romagnoli S.. - In: BLOOD PURIFICATION. - ISSN 0253-5068. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 1-10. [10.1159/000524230]

A Role of Circuit Clotting and Strategies to Prevent It during Blood Purification Therapy with oXiris Membrane: An Observational Multicenter Study

Villa G.;Fioccola A.;Mari G.;Cecchi M.;De Rosa S.;Ricci Z.;Romagnoli S.
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Membrane fouling is a significant complication potentially reducing clinical effects of extracorporeal blood purification (EBP) in critically ill septic patients with acute kidney injury. Although fascinating, the effect of heparin coating in preventing membrane fouling is currently unknown. This multicenter prospective study aims to preliminary describe the incidence, associated factors, and clinical consequences of premature circuit clotting in a cohort of adult critically ill septic patients treated with EBP using a high biocompatible heparin-coated hemodiafilter characterized by advanced adsorption properties. Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of prospectively entered data in the oXirisNet Registry; overall, 97 septic patients undergoing EBP with oXiris between May 2019 and March 2020 were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the occurrence of filter clotting (premature vs. nonpremature). Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with premature circuit clotting. Results: Premature clotting occurred in 18 (18.6%) patients. Results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that hematocrit (p = 0.02, odds ratio [OR] 1.15 [1.05; 1.30]), serum procalcitonin (PCT) (p = 0.03, OR 1.1 [1.05; 1.2]), and anticoagulation strategy (p = 0.05 at Wald's test) were independent predictors of circuit clotting. Systemic anticoagulation (p = 0.02, OR 0.03 [0.01; 0.52]) and regional citrate anticoagulation (p = 0.10, OR 0.23 [0.04; 1.50]) were both protective factors if compared to no-anticoagulation strategy. Patients with nonpremature circuit clotting showed more rapid recovery from hemodynamic instability, pulmonary hypo-oxygenation, and electrolyte disorders and greater improvement of inflammatory markers and SOFA scores. Conclusion: Although in this study the incidence of premature circuit clotting was relatively low (18.6%) compared to previously reported values (54%), membrane clotting in adult critically ill septic patients could cause clinically relevant interferences with treatment performances. Prevention of clotting should be based on avoiding higher patients' hematocrit, high serum PCT, and no-anticoagulation strategy which resulted as independent predictors of circuit clotting.
2022
1
10
Villa G.; Fioccola A.; Mari G.; Cecchi M.; Pomare Montin D.; Scire-Calabrisotto C.; De Rosa S.; Ricci Z.; Rosalia R.A.; Resta M.V.; Ferrari F.; Patera F.; Greco M.; Ronco C.; Romagnoli S.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1271385
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact