While existing research has documented complexities in biographies of childless women, few studies to date have systematically examined the life-course pathways of the childless from a comparative, cross-country perspective. In this paper, we analyse biographies of childless women in four countries—Germany, Italy, Poland, and the United States—in order to investigate whether pathways into childlessness are country-specific or commonly shared across institutional, cultural, and geographical settings. Partnership, education, and employment histories are examined using sequence analysis with dynamic Hamming distance and cluster analysis. Discrepancy analysis indicates a country-effect in women’s biographies although life-course patterns identified in each country share similarities. Overall, seven life-course trajectories have been identified, with the most numerous cluster comprising single, working women who completed their education at a relatively young age. The results highlight a marked variation in the life-courses of childless women. Put together, these findings provide descriptive evidence for both country-specificity and cross-country similarity in the pathways to childlessness.

Life-Course Trajectories of Childless Women: Country-Specific or Universal? / Tocchioni, Valentina; Rybinska, Anna; Mynarska, Monika; Matysiak, Anna; Vignoli, Daniele. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION. - ISSN 1572-9885. - STAMPA. - 38:(2022), pp. 1315-1332. [10.1007/s10680-022-09624-5]

Life-Course Trajectories of Childless Women: Country-Specific or Universal?

Tocchioni, Valentina
;
Mynarska, Monika;Matysiak, Anna;Vignoli, Daniele
2022

Abstract

While existing research has documented complexities in biographies of childless women, few studies to date have systematically examined the life-course pathways of the childless from a comparative, cross-country perspective. In this paper, we analyse biographies of childless women in four countries—Germany, Italy, Poland, and the United States—in order to investigate whether pathways into childlessness are country-specific or commonly shared across institutional, cultural, and geographical settings. Partnership, education, and employment histories are examined using sequence analysis with dynamic Hamming distance and cluster analysis. Discrepancy analysis indicates a country-effect in women’s biographies although life-course patterns identified in each country share similarities. Overall, seven life-course trajectories have been identified, with the most numerous cluster comprising single, working women who completed their education at a relatively young age. The results highlight a marked variation in the life-courses of childless women. Put together, these findings provide descriptive evidence for both country-specificity and cross-country similarity in the pathways to childlessness.
2022
38
1315
1332
Goal 5: Gender equality
Tocchioni, Valentina; Rybinska, Anna; Mynarska, Monika; Matysiak, Anna; Vignoli, Daniele
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Tocchioni et al 2022_Life-CourseTrajectories.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: Open Access
Dimensione 1.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.53 MB Adobe PDF

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1271986
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact