In the context of advanced hit-to-lead drug design based on atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, we propose a dual topology alchemical approach for calculating the relative binding free energy (RBFE) between two chemically distant compounds. The method (termed NE-RBFE) relies on the enhanced sampling of the end-states in bulk and in the bound state via Hamiltonian Replica Exchange, alchemically connected by a series of independent and fast nonequilibrium (NE) simulations. The technique has been implemented in a bidirectional fashion, applying the Crooks theorem to the NE work distributions for RBFE predictions. The dissipation of the NE process, negatively affecting accuracy, has been minimized by introducing a smooth regularization based on shifted electrostatic and Lennard-Jones non bonded potentials. As a challenging testbed, we have applied our method to the calculation of the RBFEs in the recent host-guest SAMPL international contest, featuring a macrocyclic host with guests varying in the net charge, volume, and chemical fingerprints. Closure validation has been successfully verified in cycles involving compounds with disparate Tanimoto coefficients, volume, and net charge. NE-RBFE is specifically tailored for massively parallel facilities and can be used with little or no code modification on most of the popular software packages supporting nonequilibrium alchemical simulations, such as Gromacs, Amber, NAMD, or OpenMM. The proposed methodology bypasses most of the entanglements and limitations of the standard single topology RBFE approach for strictly congeneric series based on free-energy perturbation, such as slowly relaxing cavity water, sampling issues along the alchemical stratification, and the need for highly overlapping molecular fingerprints.

Relative Binding Free Energy between Chemically Distant Compounds Using a Bidirectional Nonequilibrium Approach / Procacci, Piero. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THEORY AND COMPUTATION. - ISSN 1549-9626. - STAMPA. - 18:(2022), pp. 4014-4026. [10.1021/acs.jctc.2c00295]

Relative Binding Free Energy between Chemically Distant Compounds Using a Bidirectional Nonequilibrium Approach

Procacci, Piero
2022

Abstract

In the context of advanced hit-to-lead drug design based on atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, we propose a dual topology alchemical approach for calculating the relative binding free energy (RBFE) between two chemically distant compounds. The method (termed NE-RBFE) relies on the enhanced sampling of the end-states in bulk and in the bound state via Hamiltonian Replica Exchange, alchemically connected by a series of independent and fast nonequilibrium (NE) simulations. The technique has been implemented in a bidirectional fashion, applying the Crooks theorem to the NE work distributions for RBFE predictions. The dissipation of the NE process, negatively affecting accuracy, has been minimized by introducing a smooth regularization based on shifted electrostatic and Lennard-Jones non bonded potentials. As a challenging testbed, we have applied our method to the calculation of the RBFEs in the recent host-guest SAMPL international contest, featuring a macrocyclic host with guests varying in the net charge, volume, and chemical fingerprints. Closure validation has been successfully verified in cycles involving compounds with disparate Tanimoto coefficients, volume, and net charge. NE-RBFE is specifically tailored for massively parallel facilities and can be used with little or no code modification on most of the popular software packages supporting nonequilibrium alchemical simulations, such as Gromacs, Amber, NAMD, or OpenMM. The proposed methodology bypasses most of the entanglements and limitations of the standard single topology RBFE approach for strictly congeneric series based on free-energy perturbation, such as slowly relaxing cavity water, sampling issues along the alchemical stratification, and the need for highly overlapping molecular fingerprints.
18
4014
4026
Procacci, Piero
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1278846
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