Photophysical and magnetic properties arising from both ground and excited states of lanthanoid ions are relevant for numerous applications. These properties can be substantially affected, both adversely and beneficially, by ligand-to-metal charge-transfer (LMCT) states. However, probing LMCT states remains a significant challenge in f-block chemistry, particularly in the solid state. Intriguingly, the europium compounds [EuIII(18-c-6)(X4Cat)(NO3)]·MeCN (18-c-6 = 18-crown-6; X = Cl (tetrachlorocatecholate, 1-Eu) or Br (tetrabromocatecholate, 2-Eu) are distinctly darkly-colored, in marked contrast to the analogues with other lanthanoid ions in the 1-Ln and 2-Ln series (Ln = La, Ce, Nd, Gd, Tb, and Dy). Herein, we report a multi-technique investigation of these compounds that has allowed elucidation of the LMCT character of the relevant absorption bands using magnetometry, absorption and emission spectroscopies, and solid-state electrochemistry. To support experimental observations, we present a semi-quantitative multireference ab initio model that (i) captures the anomalously low-lying LMCT excited state observed in the visible spectrum of 1-Eu (and its absence in the other 1-Ln analogues); (ii) elucidates the contribution of the LMCT excitation to the crystal field split 7FJ ground-state wave functions; and (iii) identifies the crucial role played by radial dynamical correlation of the EuIII 4f electrons in the description of the LMCT excited state, modeled by the inclusion of 4f → 5f excitations in the optimized wave function. By providing a set of experimental and theoretical tools, this work establishes a framework for the elucidation of LMCT excited states in lanthanoid compounds in the solid state.

Elucidation of LMCT Excited States for Lanthanoid Complexes: A Theoretical and Solid-State Experimental Framework / Rousset, Elodie; Piccardo, Matteo; Gable, Robert W; Massi, Massimiliano; Sorace, Lorenzo; Soncini, Alessandro; Boskovic, Colette. - In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0020-1669. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 14004-14018. [10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c01985]

Elucidation of LMCT Excited States for Lanthanoid Complexes: A Theoretical and Solid-State Experimental Framework

Sorace, Lorenzo;
2022

Abstract

Photophysical and magnetic properties arising from both ground and excited states of lanthanoid ions are relevant for numerous applications. These properties can be substantially affected, both adversely and beneficially, by ligand-to-metal charge-transfer (LMCT) states. However, probing LMCT states remains a significant challenge in f-block chemistry, particularly in the solid state. Intriguingly, the europium compounds [EuIII(18-c-6)(X4Cat)(NO3)]·MeCN (18-c-6 = 18-crown-6; X = Cl (tetrachlorocatecholate, 1-Eu) or Br (tetrabromocatecholate, 2-Eu) are distinctly darkly-colored, in marked contrast to the analogues with other lanthanoid ions in the 1-Ln and 2-Ln series (Ln = La, Ce, Nd, Gd, Tb, and Dy). Herein, we report a multi-technique investigation of these compounds that has allowed elucidation of the LMCT character of the relevant absorption bands using magnetometry, absorption and emission spectroscopies, and solid-state electrochemistry. To support experimental observations, we present a semi-quantitative multireference ab initio model that (i) captures the anomalously low-lying LMCT excited state observed in the visible spectrum of 1-Eu (and its absence in the other 1-Ln analogues); (ii) elucidates the contribution of the LMCT excitation to the crystal field split 7FJ ground-state wave functions; and (iii) identifies the crucial role played by radial dynamical correlation of the EuIII 4f electrons in the description of the LMCT excited state, modeled by the inclusion of 4f → 5f excitations in the optimized wave function. By providing a set of experimental and theoretical tools, this work establishes a framework for the elucidation of LMCT excited states in lanthanoid compounds in the solid state.
14004
14018
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Rousset, Elodie; Piccardo, Matteo; Gable, Robert W; Massi, Massimiliano; Sorace, Lorenzo; Soncini, Alessandro; Boskovic, Colette
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1279534
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