Simple Summary Smokers are at high risk of cancer of the gastrointestinal system, and many patients with newly diagnosed cancer of the oesophagus, stomach, colon-rectum, and liver are active smokers at diagnosis. In this review, we focused on whether stopping smoking shortly before diagnosis or afterwards (e.g., during treatment) may improve the chance of survival for these patients. We reviewed the scientific literature up to April 2022 and found only seven articles focusing on this topic. While very limited in number, these studies provided suggestive evidence in favour of a beneficial effect of smoking cessation for these patients. Smokers with newly diagnosed cancer of the gastrointestinal system should be encouraged to stop smoking and provided all the necessary support to achieve this goal. Cigarette smoking is a strong risk factor for the occurrence of gastrointestinal cancers, and a substantial proportion of newly diagnosed patients is made up of active smokers, yet the impact of smoking cessation at or around diagnosis on the clinical course of these cancers (whose prognosis is often unfavourable) has never been summarized to date. We reviewed studies published until 30 April 2022 that investigated whether smoking cessation at or around diagnosis favourably affects the clinical course of gastrointestinal cancers patients. Six studies were included for colorectal cancer patients, which provided limited yet suggestive evidence that quitters may have longer disease-specific survival compared to continued smokers. Only one study each focused on patients with gastric or HBV-positive liver cancer (both reporting a survival advantage for quitters vs. continued smokers), while we found no eligible studies for patients with cancer at other sites within the digestive system. More research is urgently needed to expand the evidence on the topic, given the potentially major clinical implications for these patients. Moreover, health professionals should provide the necessary smoking cessation support to any smoker who is undergoing diagnostic work-up or treatment for gastrointestinal cancer.

The Prognostic Impact of Quitting Smoking at or around Diagnosis on the Survival of Patients with Gastrointestinal Cancers: A Systematic Literature Review / Caini, Saverio; Del Riccio, Marco; Vettori, Virginia; Raimondi, Sara; Assedi, Melania; Vignati, Silvano; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo; Cattaruzza, Maria Sofia; Bellerba, Federica; Vagnoni, Giulia; Duroni, Giacomo; Gandini, Sara. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - STAMPA. - 14:(2022), pp. 1-11. [10.3390/cancers14163857]

The Prognostic Impact of Quitting Smoking at or around Diagnosis on the Survival of Patients with Gastrointestinal Cancers: A Systematic Literature Review

Caini, Saverio;Del Riccio, Marco;Vettori, Virginia;Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo;
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Smokers are at high risk of cancer of the gastrointestinal system, and many patients with newly diagnosed cancer of the oesophagus, stomach, colon-rectum, and liver are active smokers at diagnosis. In this review, we focused on whether stopping smoking shortly before diagnosis or afterwards (e.g., during treatment) may improve the chance of survival for these patients. We reviewed the scientific literature up to April 2022 and found only seven articles focusing on this topic. While very limited in number, these studies provided suggestive evidence in favour of a beneficial effect of smoking cessation for these patients. Smokers with newly diagnosed cancer of the gastrointestinal system should be encouraged to stop smoking and provided all the necessary support to achieve this goal. Cigarette smoking is a strong risk factor for the occurrence of gastrointestinal cancers, and a substantial proportion of newly diagnosed patients is made up of active smokers, yet the impact of smoking cessation at or around diagnosis on the clinical course of these cancers (whose prognosis is often unfavourable) has never been summarized to date. We reviewed studies published until 30 April 2022 that investigated whether smoking cessation at or around diagnosis favourably affects the clinical course of gastrointestinal cancers patients. Six studies were included for colorectal cancer patients, which provided limited yet suggestive evidence that quitters may have longer disease-specific survival compared to continued smokers. Only one study each focused on patients with gastric or HBV-positive liver cancer (both reporting a survival advantage for quitters vs. continued smokers), while we found no eligible studies for patients with cancer at other sites within the digestive system. More research is urgently needed to expand the evidence on the topic, given the potentially major clinical implications for these patients. Moreover, health professionals should provide the necessary smoking cessation support to any smoker who is undergoing diagnostic work-up or treatment for gastrointestinal cancer.
14
1
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Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Caini, Saverio; Del Riccio, Marco; Vettori, Virginia; Raimondi, Sara; Assedi, Melania; Vignati, Silvano; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo; Cattaruzza, Maria Sofia; Bellerba, Federica; Vagnoni, Giulia; Duroni, Giacomo; Gandini, Sara
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1280664
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