A precise measurement of the cosmic-ray proton spectrum with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) is presented in the energy interval from 50 GeV to 60 TeV, and the observation of a softening of the spectrum above 10 TeV is reported. The analysis is based on the data collected during ∼6.2 years of smooth operations aboard the International Space Station and covers a broader energy range with respect to the previous proton flux measurement by CALET, with an increase of the available statistics by a factor of ∼2.2. Above a few hundred GeV we confirm our previous observation of a progressive spectral hardening with a higher significance (more than 20 sigma). In the multi-TeV region we observe a second spectral feature with a softening around 10 TeV and a spectral index change from -2.6 to -2.9 consistently, within the errors, with the shape of the spectrum reported by DAMPE. We apply a simultaneous fit of the proton differential spectrum which well reproduces the gradual change of the spectral index encompassing the lower energy power-law regime and the two spectral features observed at higher energies.

Observation of Spectral Structures in the Flux of Cosmic-Ray Protons from 50 GeV to 60 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope on the International Space Station / Adriani, O.; Akaike, Y.; Asano, K.; Asaoka, Y.; Berti, E.; Bigongiari, G.; Binns, W. R.; Bongi, M.; Brogi, P.; Bruno, A.; Buckley, J. H.; Cannady, N.; Castellini, G.; Checchia, C.; Cherry, M. L.; Collazuol, G.; Ebisawa, K.; Ficklin, A. W.; Fuke, H.; Gonzi, S.; Guzik, T. G.; Hams, T.; Hibino, K.; Ichimura, M.; Ioka, K.; Ishizaki, W.; Israel, M. H.; Kasahara, K.; Kataoka, J.; Kataoka, R.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawanaka, N.; Kawakubo, Y.; Kobayashi, K.; Kohri, K.; Krawczynski, H. S.; Krizmanic, J. F.; Maestro, P.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A. M.; Mitchell, J. W.; Miyake, S.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mori, M.; Mori, N.; Motz, H. M.; Munakata, K.; Nakahira, S.; Nishimura, J.; de Nolfo, G. A.; Okuno, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozawa, S.; Pacini, L.; Papini, P.; Rauch, B. F.; Ricciarini, S. B.; Sakai, K.; Sakamoto, T.; Sasaki, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Shiomi, A.; Spillantini, P.; Stolzi, F.; Sugita, S.; Sulaj, A.; Takita, M.; Tamura, T.; Terasawa, T.; Torii, S.; Tsunesada, Y.; Uchihori, Y.; Vannuccini, E.; Wefel, J. P.; Yamaoka, K.; Yanagita, S.; Yoshida, A.; Yoshida, K.; Zober, W. V.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - ELETTRONICO. - 129:(2022), pp. 101102-1-101102-8. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.101102]

Observation of Spectral Structures in the Flux of Cosmic-Ray Protons from 50 GeV to 60 TeV with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope on the International Space Station

Adriani, O.;Berti, E.;Bongi, M.;Gonzi, S.;Pacini, L.;Spillantini, P.;
2022

Abstract

A precise measurement of the cosmic-ray proton spectrum with the Calorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) is presented in the energy interval from 50 GeV to 60 TeV, and the observation of a softening of the spectrum above 10 TeV is reported. The analysis is based on the data collected during ∼6.2 years of smooth operations aboard the International Space Station and covers a broader energy range with respect to the previous proton flux measurement by CALET, with an increase of the available statistics by a factor of ∼2.2. Above a few hundred GeV we confirm our previous observation of a progressive spectral hardening with a higher significance (more than 20 sigma). In the multi-TeV region we observe a second spectral feature with a softening around 10 TeV and a spectral index change from -2.6 to -2.9 consistently, within the errors, with the shape of the spectrum reported by DAMPE. We apply a simultaneous fit of the proton differential spectrum which well reproduces the gradual change of the spectral index encompassing the lower energy power-law regime and the two spectral features observed at higher energies.
2022
129
101102-1
101102-8
Adriani, O.; Akaike, Y.; Asano, K.; Asaoka, Y.; Berti, E.; Bigongiari, G.; Binns, W. R.; Bongi, M.; Brogi, P.; Bruno, A.; Buckley, J. H.; Cannady, N.; Castellini, G.; Checchia, C.; Cherry, M. L.; Collazuol, G.; Ebisawa, K.; Ficklin, A. W.; Fuke, H.; Gonzi, S.; Guzik, T. G.; Hams, T.; Hibino, K.; Ichimura, M.; Ioka, K.; Ishizaki, W.; Israel, M. H.; Kasahara, K.; Kataoka, J.; Kataoka, R.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawanaka, N.; Kawakubo, Y.; Kobayashi, K.; Kohri, K.; Krawczynski, H. S.; Krizmanic, J. F.; Maestro, P.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A. M.; Mitchell, J. W.; Miyake, S.; Moiseev, A. A.; Mori, M.; Mori, N.; Motz, H. M.; Munakata, K.; Nakahira, S.; Nishimura, J.; de Nolfo, G. A.; Okuno, S.; Ormes, J. F.; Ozawa, S.; Pacini, L.; Papini, P.; Rauch, B. F.; Ricciarini, S. B.; Sakai, K.; Sakamoto, T.; Sasaki, M.; Shimizu, Y.; Shiomi, A.; Spillantini, P.; Stolzi, F.; Sugita, S.; Sulaj, A.; Takita, M.; Tamura, T.; Terasawa, T.; Torii, S.; Tsunesada, Y.; Uchihori, Y.; Vannuccini, E.; Wefel, J. P.; Yamaoka, K.; Yanagita, S.; Yoshida, A.; Yoshida, K.; Zober, W. V.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1281050
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