Background: One of the most problematic expression of ageing is frailty, and an approach based on its early identification is mandatory. The Sunfrail-tool (ST), a 9-item questionnaire, is a promising instrument for screening frailty. Aims: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and the construct validity between the ST and a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), composed by six tests representative of the bio-psycho-social model of frailty;To verify the discriminating power of five key-questions of the ST;To investigate the role of the ST in a clinical-pathway of falls’ prevention. Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 235 patients from the Frailty-Multimorbidity Lab of the University-Hospital of Parma. The STs’ answers were obtained from the patient’s clinical information. A patient was considered frail if at least one of the CGAs’ tests resulted positive. Results: The ST was associated with the CGA’s judgement with an Area Under the Curve of 0.691 (CI 95%: 0.591–0.791). Each CGA’s test was associated with the ST total score. The five key-question showed a potential discriminating power in the CGA’s tests of the corresponding domains. The fall-related question of the ST was significantly associated with the Short Physical Performance Battery total score (OR: 0.839, CI 95%: 0.766–0.918), a proxy of the risk of falling. Discussion: The results suggest that the ST can capture the complexity of frailty. The ST showed a good discriminating power, and it can guide a second-level assessment to key frailty domains and/or clinical pathways. Conclusions: The ST is a valid and easy-to-use instrument for the screening of frailty.

The role of the Sunfrail tool in the screening of frailty and in integrated community-hospital care pathways: a retrospective observational study / Longobucco Y.; Lauretani F.; Gionti L.; Tagliaferri S.; Gobbens R.; Kostka T.; Palummeri E.; Barbolini M.; Maggio M.. - In: AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1594-0667. - STAMPA. - 34:(2022), pp. 419-427. [10.1007/s40520-021-01931-x]

The role of the Sunfrail tool in the screening of frailty and in integrated community-hospital care pathways: a retrospective observational study

Longobucco Y.;
2022

Abstract

Background: One of the most problematic expression of ageing is frailty, and an approach based on its early identification is mandatory. The Sunfrail-tool (ST), a 9-item questionnaire, is a promising instrument for screening frailty. Aims: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and the construct validity between the ST and a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), composed by six tests representative of the bio-psycho-social model of frailty;To verify the discriminating power of five key-questions of the ST;To investigate the role of the ST in a clinical-pathway of falls’ prevention. Methods: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 235 patients from the Frailty-Multimorbidity Lab of the University-Hospital of Parma. The STs’ answers were obtained from the patient’s clinical information. A patient was considered frail if at least one of the CGAs’ tests resulted positive. Results: The ST was associated with the CGA’s judgement with an Area Under the Curve of 0.691 (CI 95%: 0.591–0.791). Each CGA’s test was associated with the ST total score. The five key-question showed a potential discriminating power in the CGA’s tests of the corresponding domains. The fall-related question of the ST was significantly associated with the Short Physical Performance Battery total score (OR: 0.839, CI 95%: 0.766–0.918), a proxy of the risk of falling. Discussion: The results suggest that the ST can capture the complexity of frailty. The ST showed a good discriminating power, and it can guide a second-level assessment to key frailty domains and/or clinical pathways. Conclusions: The ST is a valid and easy-to-use instrument for the screening of frailty.
34
419
427
Longobucco Y.; Lauretani F.; Gionti L.; Tagliaferri S.; Gobbens R.; Kostka T.; Palummeri E.; Barbolini M.; Maggio M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1281247
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