Tropospheric ozone (O-3 ) is a major air pollutant and causes serious injury to vegetation. To protect sensitive plants from O-3 damage, several agrochemicals have been assessed, including cytokinin (e.g., kinetin, KIN) and ethylenediurea (EDU) with cytokinin-like activity. In higher plant, leaves are primarily injured by O-3 and protective agrochemicals are often applied by leaf spraying. To our knowledge, the mitigating abilities of EDU and KIN have not been compared directly in a realistic setup. In the present research, impacts of elevated O-3 (2x ambient O-3, 24 hr per day, for 8 days) on an O-3 sensitive line (S156) of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), which is often used for biomonitoring O-3 pollution, were studied in a free air controlled exposure system. The day before starting the O-3 exposure, plants were sprayed with a solution of EDU (300 ppm), KIN (1 mmol/L) or distilled water, to compare their protective abilities. The results demonstrated that 2 x ambient O-3 inhibited net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance, increased the minimal fluorescence yield of the dark-adapted state, decreased the maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry, and led to visible injury. KIN and EDU alleviated the reduction of the photosynthetic performance, and visible injury under O-3 fumigation. The plants sprayed with EDU showed greater ability to mitigate the O-3 damage than those sprayed with KIN. Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging may have detected more precisely the differences in O-3 response across the leaf than the conventional fluorometer. (C) 2017 The Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Protecting the photosynthetic performance of snap bean under free air ozone exposure / Zhang, Lu; Hoshika, Yasutomo; Carrari, Elisa; Burkey, Kent O; Paoletti, Elena. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1001-0742. - STAMPA. - 66:(2018), pp. 31-40. [10.1016/j.jes.2017.05.009]

Protecting the photosynthetic performance of snap bean under free air ozone exposure

Carrari, Elisa;
2018

Abstract

Tropospheric ozone (O-3 ) is a major air pollutant and causes serious injury to vegetation. To protect sensitive plants from O-3 damage, several agrochemicals have been assessed, including cytokinin (e.g., kinetin, KIN) and ethylenediurea (EDU) with cytokinin-like activity. In higher plant, leaves are primarily injured by O-3 and protective agrochemicals are often applied by leaf spraying. To our knowledge, the mitigating abilities of EDU and KIN have not been compared directly in a realistic setup. In the present research, impacts of elevated O-3 (2x ambient O-3, 24 hr per day, for 8 days) on an O-3 sensitive line (S156) of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), which is often used for biomonitoring O-3 pollution, were studied in a free air controlled exposure system. The day before starting the O-3 exposure, plants were sprayed with a solution of EDU (300 ppm), KIN (1 mmol/L) or distilled water, to compare their protective abilities. The results demonstrated that 2 x ambient O-3 inhibited net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance, increased the minimal fluorescence yield of the dark-adapted state, decreased the maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry, and led to visible injury. KIN and EDU alleviated the reduction of the photosynthetic performance, and visible injury under O-3 fumigation. The plants sprayed with EDU showed greater ability to mitigate the O-3 damage than those sprayed with KIN. Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging may have detected more precisely the differences in O-3 response across the leaf than the conventional fluorometer. (C) 2017 The Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Published by Elsevier B.V.
66
31
40
Goal 13: Climate action
Goal 15: Life on land
Zhang, Lu; Hoshika, Yasutomo; Carrari, Elisa; Burkey, Kent O; Paoletti, Elena
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1282066
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