Observations of proton density fluctuations of the solar wind at 1 au have shown the presence of a decade-long transition region of the density spectrum above sub-ion scales, characterized by a flattening of the spectral slope. We use the proton density fluctuations data collected by the BMSW instrument on-board the Spektr-R satellite in order to delimit the plasma parameters under which the transition region can be observed. Under similar plasma conditions to those in observations, we carry out 3D compressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and Hall-MHD numerical simulations and find that Hall physics is necessary to generate the transition region. The analysis of the k omega power spectrum in the Hall-MHD simulation indicates that the flattening of the density spectrum is associated with fluctuations having frequencies smaller than the ion cyclotron frequency.

Flattening of the Density Spectrum in Compressible Hall-MHD Simulations / Montagud-Camps, V; Nemec, F; Safrankova, J; Nemecek, Z; Verdini, A; Grappin, R; Papini, E; Franci, L. - In: ATMOSPHERE. - ISSN 2073-4433. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2021), pp. 1162.0-1162.0. [10.3390/atmos12091162]

Flattening of the Density Spectrum in Compressible Hall-MHD Simulations

Verdini, A;Franci, L
2021

Abstract

Observations of proton density fluctuations of the solar wind at 1 au have shown the presence of a decade-long transition region of the density spectrum above sub-ion scales, characterized by a flattening of the spectral slope. We use the proton density fluctuations data collected by the BMSW instrument on-board the Spektr-R satellite in order to delimit the plasma parameters under which the transition region can be observed. Under similar plasma conditions to those in observations, we carry out 3D compressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and Hall-MHD numerical simulations and find that Hall physics is necessary to generate the transition region. The analysis of the k omega power spectrum in the Hall-MHD simulation indicates that the flattening of the density spectrum is associated with fluctuations having frequencies smaller than the ion cyclotron frequency.
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Montagud-Camps, V; Nemec, F; Safrankova, J; Nemecek, Z; Verdini, A; Grappin, R; Papini, E; Franci, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1284541
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