Long-range interacting systems may exhibit ensemble inequivalence and can possibly attain equilibrium states under completely open conditions, for which energy, volume and number of particles simultaneously fluctuate. Here we consider a modified version of the Thirring model for self-gravitating systems with attractive and repulsive long-range interactions in which particles are treated as hard spheres in dimension d = 1, 2, 3. Equilibrium states of the model are studied under completely open conditions, in the unconstrained ensemble, by means of both Monte Carlo simulations and analytical methods and are compared with the corresponding states at fixed number of particles, in the isothermal- isobaric ensemble. Our theoretical description is performed for an arbitrary local equation of state, which allows us to examine the system beyond the excluded- volume approximation. The simulations confirm the theoretical prediction of the possible occurrence of first-order phase transitions in the unconstrained ensemble. This work contributes to the understanding of long-range interacting systems exchanging heat, work and matter with the environment.

Modified Thirring model beyond the excluded-volume approximation / Campa, Alessandro; Casetti, Lapo; Di Cintio, Pierfrancesco; Latella, Ivan; Rubi, J Miguel; Ruffo, Stefano. - In: JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS: THEORY AND EXPERIMENT. - ISSN 1742-5468. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022:(2022), pp. 103202.0-103202.0. [10.1088/1742-5468/ac9464]

Modified Thirring model beyond the excluded-volume approximation

Casetti, Lapo;
2022

Abstract

Long-range interacting systems may exhibit ensemble inequivalence and can possibly attain equilibrium states under completely open conditions, for which energy, volume and number of particles simultaneously fluctuate. Here we consider a modified version of the Thirring model for self-gravitating systems with attractive and repulsive long-range interactions in which particles are treated as hard spheres in dimension d = 1, 2, 3. Equilibrium states of the model are studied under completely open conditions, in the unconstrained ensemble, by means of both Monte Carlo simulations and analytical methods and are compared with the corresponding states at fixed number of particles, in the isothermal- isobaric ensemble. Our theoretical description is performed for an arbitrary local equation of state, which allows us to examine the system beyond the excluded- volume approximation. The simulations confirm the theoretical prediction of the possible occurrence of first-order phase transitions in the unconstrained ensemble. This work contributes to the understanding of long-range interacting systems exchanging heat, work and matter with the environment.
2022
0
0
Campa, Alessandro; Casetti, Lapo; Di Cintio, Pierfrancesco; Latella, Ivan; Rubi, J Miguel; Ruffo, Stefano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1284631
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