We highlight the importance of introducing systemic names for enzymes using EC classification and the ever-growing problem of protein names. Here, we tackle one specific case of iron-sulfur ([FeS]) enzymes. We show that the language used to describe a conserved [FeS] enzyme of the innate immune system, i.e., viperin or RSAD2, is now inadequate and disentangled from its science. We discuss that the enzyme has cellular functions beyond its antiviral activity and that eukaryotic and prokaryotic enzymes catalyse the same chemical reactions. To prevent bias towards antiviral activity while studying various biochemical activities of the enzyme and using scientifically incorrect terms like “prokaryotic viperins,” we rectify the language describing the enzyme. Based on NC-IUBMB recommendations, we introduce the nomenclature S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) dependent Nucleotide Dehydratase (SAND).

Radical-SAM dependent nucleotide dehydratase (SAND), rectification of the names of an ancient iron-sulfur enzyme using NC-IUBMB recommendations / Ji, Yuxuan; Wei, Li; Da, Anqi; Stark, Holger; Hagedoorn, Peter-Leon; Ciofi-Baffoni, Simone; Cowley, Sally A.; Louro, Ricardo O.; Todorovic, Smilja; Mroginski, Maria Andrea; Nicolet, Yvain; Roessler, Maxie M.; Le Brun, Nick E.; Piccioli, Mario; James, William S.; Hagen, Wilfred R.; Ebrahimi, Kourosh H.. - In: FRONTIERS IN MOLECULAR BIOSCIENCES. - ISSN 2296-889X. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:(2022), pp. 1032220.0-1032220.0. [10.3389/fmolb.2022.1032220]

Radical-SAM dependent nucleotide dehydratase (SAND), rectification of the names of an ancient iron-sulfur enzyme using NC-IUBMB recommendations

Ciofi-Baffoni, Simone;Piccioli, Mario;
2022

Abstract

We highlight the importance of introducing systemic names for enzymes using EC classification and the ever-growing problem of protein names. Here, we tackle one specific case of iron-sulfur ([FeS]) enzymes. We show that the language used to describe a conserved [FeS] enzyme of the innate immune system, i.e., viperin or RSAD2, is now inadequate and disentangled from its science. We discuss that the enzyme has cellular functions beyond its antiviral activity and that eukaryotic and prokaryotic enzymes catalyse the same chemical reactions. To prevent bias towards antiviral activity while studying various biochemical activities of the enzyme and using scientifically incorrect terms like “prokaryotic viperins,” we rectify the language describing the enzyme. Based on NC-IUBMB recommendations, we introduce the nomenclature S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) dependent Nucleotide Dehydratase (SAND).
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Ji, Yuxuan; Wei, Li; Da, Anqi; Stark, Holger; Hagedoorn, Peter-Leon; Ciofi-Baffoni, Simone; Cowley, Sally A.; Louro, Ricardo O.; Todorovic, Smilja; Mroginski, Maria Andrea; Nicolet, Yvain; Roessler, Maxie M.; Le Brun, Nick E.; Piccioli, Mario; James, William S.; Hagen, Wilfred R.; Ebrahimi, Kourosh H.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285188
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