Aim: (a) To define the nuclear characteristics of the melancholic type of personality (TM), that in European and Japanese psychopathological tradition is considered the model which most accurately describes the social behavior of unipolar depressives, through clear, valid, and synthetic criteria (criteria for TM = CTM); (b) to evaluate the diagnostic power, reliability, internal consistency, and other psychometric properties of these criteria. Methods: Personality features of 115 unipolar depressives consecutively admitted to 2 psychiatric facilities were assessed with the CTM and with the Kasahara Scale (KS). Four further unipolar depressives were assessed with the CTM by 13 different raters (11 CTM-naive and 2 experienced). Results: The CTM have shown high reliability and internal consistency. They were also highly concordant with the KS scores. Conclusions: The CTM can discriminate between TMs and non-TMs and suggests that the TM kind of personality is not a dimensional concept but a coherent structure in which one feature entails the presence of all the others.

Assessing the social behavior of unipolar depressives: the criteria for Typus melancholicus / Stanghellini, Giovanni; Bertelli, Marco. - In: PSYCHOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0254-4962. - ELETTRONICO. - 39:(2006), pp. 0-0. [10.1159/000092679]

Assessing the social behavior of unipolar depressives: the criteria for Typus melancholicus

Stanghellini, Giovanni
;
2006

Abstract

Aim: (a) To define the nuclear characteristics of the melancholic type of personality (TM), that in European and Japanese psychopathological tradition is considered the model which most accurately describes the social behavior of unipolar depressives, through clear, valid, and synthetic criteria (criteria for TM = CTM); (b) to evaluate the diagnostic power, reliability, internal consistency, and other psychometric properties of these criteria. Methods: Personality features of 115 unipolar depressives consecutively admitted to 2 psychiatric facilities were assessed with the CTM and with the Kasahara Scale (KS). Four further unipolar depressives were assessed with the CTM by 13 different raters (11 CTM-naive and 2 experienced). Results: The CTM have shown high reliability and internal consistency. They were also highly concordant with the KS scores. Conclusions: The CTM can discriminate between TMs and non-TMs and suggests that the TM kind of personality is not a dimensional concept but a coherent structure in which one feature entails the presence of all the others.
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Stanghellini, Giovanni; Bertelli, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285359
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