Gold(III) complexes, isostructural and isoelectronic with platinum(II) complexes, are potentially attractive as anticancer agents. We have synthesized a group of square planar gold(III) complexes, all containing at least two gold-chloride bonds in cis-position, and tested their in vitro cytotoxicity on a panel of established human tumor cell lines. Remarkably, all these compounds showed significant cytotoxic effects. In particular, the complexes containing the salycilaldiminate ligand induced tumor cell growth inhibitory effects comparable to or even greater than cisplatin. All gold(III) complexes substantially retained their antitumor potency against two cisplatin-resistant tumor cell lines (CCRF-CEM/R leukemia and A2780/R ovarian carcinoma); only minimal cross-resistance with cisplatin was observed. When considering the mechanism of action, it is reasonable to assume that the cytotoxicity of these gold(III) complexes derives from DNA binding. Preliminary spectroscopic results are consistent with this hypothesis; indeed, circular dichroism experiments show that both the salycilaldiminate- and the pyridine-containing gold(III) complexes bind calf thymus DNA in vitro and alter reversibly its B-type solution conformation. These results, however, must be treated with caution; solution studies indicate that gold(III) compounds are poorly stable under physiological conditions, possibly implying that, when injected, only a small amount will reach, unchanged, the DNA target. The results of our investigations are discussed in the perspective of future work on the cytotoxic and antitumor properties of gold(III) compounds.

Cytotoxic effects of gold(III) complexes on established human tumor cell lines sensitive and resistant to cisplatin / Calamai, P; Carotti, S; Guerri, A; Mazzei, T; Messori, L; Mini, E; Orioli, P; Speroni, G P. - In: ANTI-CANCER DRUG DESIGN. - ISSN 0266-9536. - STAMPA. - 13:(1998), pp. 67-80.

Cytotoxic effects of gold(III) complexes on established human tumor cell lines sensitive and resistant to cisplatin

Calamai, P;Carotti, S;Mazzei, T;Messori, L;Mini, E;Orioli, P;Speroni, G P
1998

Abstract

Gold(III) complexes, isostructural and isoelectronic with platinum(II) complexes, are potentially attractive as anticancer agents. We have synthesized a group of square planar gold(III) complexes, all containing at least two gold-chloride bonds in cis-position, and tested their in vitro cytotoxicity on a panel of established human tumor cell lines. Remarkably, all these compounds showed significant cytotoxic effects. In particular, the complexes containing the salycilaldiminate ligand induced tumor cell growth inhibitory effects comparable to or even greater than cisplatin. All gold(III) complexes substantially retained their antitumor potency against two cisplatin-resistant tumor cell lines (CCRF-CEM/R leukemia and A2780/R ovarian carcinoma); only minimal cross-resistance with cisplatin was observed. When considering the mechanism of action, it is reasonable to assume that the cytotoxicity of these gold(III) complexes derives from DNA binding. Preliminary spectroscopic results are consistent with this hypothesis; indeed, circular dichroism experiments show that both the salycilaldiminate- and the pyridine-containing gold(III) complexes bind calf thymus DNA in vitro and alter reversibly its B-type solution conformation. These results, however, must be treated with caution; solution studies indicate that gold(III) compounds are poorly stable under physiological conditions, possibly implying that, when injected, only a small amount will reach, unchanged, the DNA target. The results of our investigations are discussed in the perspective of future work on the cytotoxic and antitumor properties of gold(III) compounds.
13
67
80
Calamai, P; Carotti, S; Guerri, A; Mazzei, T; Messori, L; Mini, E; Orioli, P; Speroni, G P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285665
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