The carbocatalyzed synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines is disclosed. This process involved a three-component Povarov reaction of anilines, aldehydes and electron-enriched enol ethers, which gave the substrate for the subsequent oxidation. Graphene oxide (GO) was exploited as a heterogeneous, metal-free and sustainable catalyst for both transformations. The multicomponent reaction proceeded under simple and mild reaction conditions, exhibited good functional group tolerance, and could be easily scaled up to the gram level. A selection of tetrahydroquinolines obtained was subsequently aromatized to quinolines. The multistep synthesis could also be performed as a one-pot procedure. Investigation of the real active sites of GO was carried out by performing control experiments and a by full characterization of the carbon material by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR).

Study and application of graphene oxide in the synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines via a Povarov multicomponent reaction and subsequent oxidation / Caputo, Samantha; Kovtun, Alessandro; Bruno, Francesco; Ravera, Enrico; Lambruschini, Chiara; Melucci, Manuela; Moni, Lisa. - In: RSC ADVANCES. - ISSN 2046-2069. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2022), pp. 15834-15847. [10.1039/d2ra01752k]

Study and application of graphene oxide in the synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines via a Povarov multicomponent reaction and subsequent oxidation

Bruno, Francesco;Ravera, Enrico;
2022

Abstract

The carbocatalyzed synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted quinolines is disclosed. This process involved a three-component Povarov reaction of anilines, aldehydes and electron-enriched enol ethers, which gave the substrate for the subsequent oxidation. Graphene oxide (GO) was exploited as a heterogeneous, metal-free and sustainable catalyst for both transformations. The multicomponent reaction proceeded under simple and mild reaction conditions, exhibited good functional group tolerance, and could be easily scaled up to the gram level. A selection of tetrahydroquinolines obtained was subsequently aromatized to quinolines. The multistep synthesis could also be performed as a one-pot procedure. Investigation of the real active sites of GO was carried out by performing control experiments and a by full characterization of the carbon material by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR).
2022
12
15834
15847
Caputo, Samantha; Kovtun, Alessandro; Bruno, Francesco; Ravera, Enrico; Lambruschini, Chiara; Melucci, Manuela; Moni, Lisa
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285678
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