Background 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence can maximize perirolandic glioblastoma (GBM) resection with low rates of postoperative sequelae. Our purpose was to present the outcomes of our experience and compare them with other literature reports to investigate the potential influence of different intraoperative monitoring strategies and to evaluate the role of intraoperative data on neurological and radiological outcomes in our series. Methods We retrospectively analyzed our prospectively collected database of GBM involving the motor pathways. Each patient underwent tumor exeresis with intraoperative 5-ALA fluorescence visualization. Our monitoring strategy was based on direct stimulation (DS), combined with cortical or transcranial MEPs. The radiological outcome was evaluated with CRET vs. residual tumor, and the neurological outcome as improved, unchanged, or worsened. We also performed a literature review to compare our results with state-of-the-art on the subject. Results Sixty-five patients were included. CRET was 63.1%, permanent postoperative impairment was 1.5%, and DS's lowest motor threshold was 5 mA. In the literature, CRET was 25-73%, permanent postoperative impairment 3-16%, and DS lowest motor threshold was 1-3 mA. Our monitoring strategy identified a motor pathway in 60% of cases in faint fluorescent tissue, and its location in bright/faint fluorescence was predictive of CRET (p < 0.001). A preoperative motor deficit was associated with a worse clinical outcome (p < 0.001). Resection of bright fluorescent tissue was stopped in 26%, and fluorescence type of residual tumor was associated with higher CRET grades (p < 0.001). Conclusions Based on the data presented and the current literature, distinct monitoring strategies can achieve different onco-functional outcomes in 5-ALA-guided resection of a glioblastoma (GBM) motor pathway. Intraoperatively, functional and fluorescence data close to a bright/vague interface could be helpful to predict onco-functional outcomes.

Functional outcomes, extent of resection, and bright/vague fluorescence interface in resection of glioblastomas involving the motor pathways assisted by 5-ALA / Muscas, G; Orlandini, S; Bonaudo, C; Dardo, M; Esposito, A; Campagnaro, L; Carrai, R; Fainardi, E; Ciccarino, P; Della Puppa, A. - In: ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA. - ISSN 0001-6268. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 1-8. [10.1007/s00701-022-05358-9]

Functional outcomes, extent of resection, and bright/vague fluorescence interface in resection of glioblastomas involving the motor pathways assisted by 5-ALA

Orlandini, S;Bonaudo, C;Dardo, M;Esposito, A;Fainardi, E;Della Puppa, A
2022

Abstract

Background 5-Aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence can maximize perirolandic glioblastoma (GBM) resection with low rates of postoperative sequelae. Our purpose was to present the outcomes of our experience and compare them with other literature reports to investigate the potential influence of different intraoperative monitoring strategies and to evaluate the role of intraoperative data on neurological and radiological outcomes in our series. Methods We retrospectively analyzed our prospectively collected database of GBM involving the motor pathways. Each patient underwent tumor exeresis with intraoperative 5-ALA fluorescence visualization. Our monitoring strategy was based on direct stimulation (DS), combined with cortical or transcranial MEPs. The radiological outcome was evaluated with CRET vs. residual tumor, and the neurological outcome as improved, unchanged, or worsened. We also performed a literature review to compare our results with state-of-the-art on the subject. Results Sixty-five patients were included. CRET was 63.1%, permanent postoperative impairment was 1.5%, and DS's lowest motor threshold was 5 mA. In the literature, CRET was 25-73%, permanent postoperative impairment 3-16%, and DS lowest motor threshold was 1-3 mA. Our monitoring strategy identified a motor pathway in 60% of cases in faint fluorescent tissue, and its location in bright/faint fluorescence was predictive of CRET (p < 0.001). A preoperative motor deficit was associated with a worse clinical outcome (p < 0.001). Resection of bright fluorescent tissue was stopped in 26%, and fluorescence type of residual tumor was associated with higher CRET grades (p < 0.001). Conclusions Based on the data presented and the current literature, distinct monitoring strategies can achieve different onco-functional outcomes in 5-ALA-guided resection of a glioblastoma (GBM) motor pathway. Intraoperatively, functional and fluorescence data close to a bright/vague interface could be helpful to predict onco-functional outcomes.
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Muscas, G; Orlandini, S; Bonaudo, C; Dardo, M; Esposito, A; Campagnaro, L; Carrai, R; Fainardi, E; Ciccarino, P; Della Puppa, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285722
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