COVID-19 is known to be a cause of microvascular disease due, for example, to the cytokine storm inflammatory response and the result of blood coagulation. This study reports an investigation on Heart Rate Variability (HRV) extracted from photoplethysmography (PPG) signals measured from healthy subjects and COVID-19 affected patients. We aimed to determine a statistical difference between HRV parameters among subjects' groups. Specifically, statistical analysis through Mann-Whitney U Test (MWUT) was applied to compare 42 dif-ferent parameters extracted from PPG signals of 143 subjects: 50 healthy subjects (i.e. group 0) and 93 affected from COVID-19 patients stratified through increasing COVID severity index (i.e. groups 1 and 2). Results showed significant statistical differences between groups in several HRV parameters. In particular, Multiscale Entropy (MSE) analysis provided the master key in patient stratification assessment. In fact, MSE11, MSE12, MSE15, MSE16, MSE17, MSE18, MSE19 and MSE20 keep statistical significant difference during all the comparisons between healthy subjects and patients from all the pathological groups. Our preliminary results suggest that it could be possible to distinguish between healthy and COVID-19 affected subjects based on cardiovascular dynamics. This study opens to future evaluations in using machine learning models for automatic decision-makers to distinguish between healthy and COVID-19 subjects, as well as within COVID-19 severity levels. Clinical Relevance - This establishes the possibility to distin-guish healthy subjects from COVID-19 affected patients basing on HRV parameters monitored non invasively by PPG.

Cardiovascular Dynamics in COVID-19: A Heart Rate Variability Investigation / Aliani, Cosimo; Rossi, Eva; Luchini, Marco; Calamai, Italo; Deodati, Rossella; Spina, Rosario; Lanata, Antonio; Bocchi, Leonardo. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022:(2022), pp. 2278-2281. ((Intervento presentato al convegno EMBC [10.1109/EMBC48229.2022.9871265].

Cardiovascular Dynamics in COVID-19: A Heart Rate Variability Investigation

Aliani, Cosimo;Rossi, Eva;Luchini, Marco;Deodati, Rossella;Spina, Rosario;Lanata, Antonio;Bocchi, Leonardo
2022

Abstract

COVID-19 is known to be a cause of microvascular disease due, for example, to the cytokine storm inflammatory response and the result of blood coagulation. This study reports an investigation on Heart Rate Variability (HRV) extracted from photoplethysmography (PPG) signals measured from healthy subjects and COVID-19 affected patients. We aimed to determine a statistical difference between HRV parameters among subjects' groups. Specifically, statistical analysis through Mann-Whitney U Test (MWUT) was applied to compare 42 dif-ferent parameters extracted from PPG signals of 143 subjects: 50 healthy subjects (i.e. group 0) and 93 affected from COVID-19 patients stratified through increasing COVID severity index (i.e. groups 1 and 2). Results showed significant statistical differences between groups in several HRV parameters. In particular, Multiscale Entropy (MSE) analysis provided the master key in patient stratification assessment. In fact, MSE11, MSE12, MSE15, MSE16, MSE17, MSE18, MSE19 and MSE20 keep statistical significant difference during all the comparisons between healthy subjects and patients from all the pathological groups. Our preliminary results suggest that it could be possible to distinguish between healthy and COVID-19 affected subjects based on cardiovascular dynamics. This study opens to future evaluations in using machine learning models for automatic decision-makers to distinguish between healthy and COVID-19 subjects, as well as within COVID-19 severity levels. Clinical Relevance - This establishes the possibility to distin-guish healthy subjects from COVID-19 affected patients basing on HRV parameters monitored non invasively by PPG.
EMBC Conference Proceedings
EMBC
Aliani, Cosimo; Rossi, Eva; Luchini, Marco; Calamai, Italo; Deodati, Rossella; Spina, Rosario; Lanata, Antonio; Bocchi, Leonardo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285840
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