Background. The authors describe a series of patients with chronic osteomyelitis associated with squamous cell carcinoma, whilst analyzing its incidence in chronic osteomyelitis, surgical options for treatment and focusing on the role of MRI in differential diagnosis. Methods. The authors reviewed 73 cases of chronic osteomyelitis (CO) treated in their department between 1995 and 2019. Six of these patients (8.2%) had a malignant degeneration in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). All cases with malignancy were evaluated with preoperative gadolinium-enhanced MRI. Results. In this series, the authors observed an incidence rate of 8.2% (6 cases out of 73); all patients were male with a mean age of 63.5 years. The mean time between the occurrence of chronic osteomyelitis and the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma was 36 years (range: 21-66). The treatment consisted of amputation in five patients and limb salvage with vascularized fibula autograft in one case. Conclusions. MRI played a key role in the differential diagnosis between infected and tumoral tissue, and was found to be crucial during follow-up. Amputation is the treatment of choice in extended tumoral involvement of bone and soft tissue.

Management of Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Chronic Osteomyelitis: Our Experience, Review of the Literature and Role of MRI in Differential Diagnosis / Scanferla, Roberto; Roselli, Giuliana; Scoccianti, Guido; Bartolini, Marco; Muratori, Francesco; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - STAMPA. - 12:(2022), pp. 2062-2072. [10.3390/diagnostics12092062]

Management of Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Chronic Osteomyelitis: Our Experience, Review of the Literature and Role of MRI in Differential Diagnosis

Scanferla, Roberto;Roselli, Giuliana;Scoccianti, Guido;Muratori, Francesco;Campanacci, Domenico Andrea
2022

Abstract

Background. The authors describe a series of patients with chronic osteomyelitis associated with squamous cell carcinoma, whilst analyzing its incidence in chronic osteomyelitis, surgical options for treatment and focusing on the role of MRI in differential diagnosis. Methods. The authors reviewed 73 cases of chronic osteomyelitis (CO) treated in their department between 1995 and 2019. Six of these patients (8.2%) had a malignant degeneration in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). All cases with malignancy were evaluated with preoperative gadolinium-enhanced MRI. Results. In this series, the authors observed an incidence rate of 8.2% (6 cases out of 73); all patients were male with a mean age of 63.5 years. The mean time between the occurrence of chronic osteomyelitis and the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma was 36 years (range: 21-66). The treatment consisted of amputation in five patients and limb salvage with vascularized fibula autograft in one case. Conclusions. MRI played a key role in the differential diagnosis between infected and tumoral tissue, and was found to be crucial during follow-up. Amputation is the treatment of choice in extended tumoral involvement of bone and soft tissue.
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2062
2072
Scanferla, Roberto; Roselli, Giuliana; Scoccianti, Guido; Bartolini, Marco; Muratori, Francesco; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286514
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