Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) comprises granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), that share features of pauci-immune small-vessel vasculitis and the positivity of ANCA targeting proteinase-3 (PR3-ANCA) or myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA). AAV syndromes are rare, complex diseases and their aetio-pathogenesis is mainly driven by the interaction between environmental and genetic factors. In patients with GPA and MPA, the genetic associations are stronger with ANCA specificity (PR3- versus MPO-ANCA) than with the clinical diagnosis, which, in keeping with the known clinical and prognostic differences between PR3-ANCA-positive and MPO-ANCA-positive patients, supports an ANCA-based re-classification of these disorders. EGPA is also made up of genetically distinct subsets, which can be stratified on ANCA-status (MPO ANCA-positive versus ANCA-negative); these subsets differ in clinical phenotype and possibly in their response to treatment. Interestingly, MPO-ANCA-positive patients with either MPA or EGPA have overlapping genetic determinants, thus strengthening the concept that this EGPA subset is closely related to the other AAV syndromes. The genetics of AAV provides us with essential information to understand its varied phenotype. This Review discusses the main findings of genetic association studies in AAV, their pathogenic implications and their potential effect on classification, management and prognosis.

Genetics of ANCA-associated vasculitis: role in pathogenesis, classification and management / Trivioli, Giorgio; Marquez, Ana; Martorana, Davide; Tesi, Michelangelo; Kronbichler, Andreas; Lyons, Paul A; Vaglio, Augusto. - In: NATURE REVIEWS. RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 1759-4790. - ELETTRONICO. - 18:(2022), pp. 559-574. [10.1038/s41584-022-00819-y]

Genetics of ANCA-associated vasculitis: role in pathogenesis, classification and management

Trivioli, Giorgio;Vaglio, Augusto
2022

Abstract

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) comprises granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), that share features of pauci-immune small-vessel vasculitis and the positivity of ANCA targeting proteinase-3 (PR3-ANCA) or myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA). AAV syndromes are rare, complex diseases and their aetio-pathogenesis is mainly driven by the interaction between environmental and genetic factors. In patients with GPA and MPA, the genetic associations are stronger with ANCA specificity (PR3- versus MPO-ANCA) than with the clinical diagnosis, which, in keeping with the known clinical and prognostic differences between PR3-ANCA-positive and MPO-ANCA-positive patients, supports an ANCA-based re-classification of these disorders. EGPA is also made up of genetically distinct subsets, which can be stratified on ANCA-status (MPO ANCA-positive versus ANCA-negative); these subsets differ in clinical phenotype and possibly in their response to treatment. Interestingly, MPO-ANCA-positive patients with either MPA or EGPA have overlapping genetic determinants, thus strengthening the concept that this EGPA subset is closely related to the other AAV syndromes. The genetics of AAV provides us with essential information to understand its varied phenotype. This Review discusses the main findings of genetic association studies in AAV, their pathogenic implications and their potential effect on classification, management and prognosis.
18
559
574
Trivioli, Giorgio; Marquez, Ana; Martorana, Davide; Tesi, Michelangelo; Kronbichler, Andreas; Lyons, Paul A; Vaglio, Augusto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286615
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