Undifferentiated round cell sarcomas (URCS) of soft tissue and bone and tumours of uncertain differentiation (TUD) are commonly ascribed to a subset of neoplasms with low frequency of NTRK gene fusions. However, more recently NTRK-rearranged round and spindle cell tumours have been noted in case reports and in limited or heterogeneous cohorts. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of NTRK gene fusions in a large retrospective cohort of paediatric URCS and TUD after a systematic review of the diagnosis, according to the recently updated WHO classification scheme. One-hundred and five patients with diagnosis of URCS or TUD, involving the bone or soft tissue, were retrospectively evaluated. After the case selection and the histopathological review of the case cohort, pan-Trk immunohistochemistry (IHC) testing was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Tumour RNA was extracted from FFPE tissue and subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS) library preparation, using a 10-gene NGS fusion panel, sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq. The NGS-positive cases were further confirmed by real-time PCR. On immunohistochemical screening, 12/105 (11.4%) cases were positive using the pan-Trk antibody, showing three different staining patterns with the cytoplasmic distribution being most common. Molecular analysis using NGS and confirmed by the real-rime PCR detected two positive cases for the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion. The histological pattern of the two positive cases, together with the demonstration of the NTRK rearrangement, leaded to re-classify these previously not otherwise specified sarcomas with uncertain differentiation into the emerging category of NTRK-rearranged neoplasms. In addition, we found the two NTRK fused neoplasms showing a clinical indolent course, in contrast with literature.

NTRK Fusions Detection in Paediatric Sarcomas to Expand the Morphological Spectrum and Clinical Relevance of Selected Entities / Nozzoli, Filippo; Lazar, Alexander J; Castiglione, Francesca; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Beltrami, Giovanni; De Logu, Francesco; Caporalini, Chiara; Massi, Daniela; Roviello, Giandomenico. - In: PATHOLOGY AND ONCOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 1532-2807. - STAMPA. - 28:(2022), pp. 0-0. [10.3389/pore.2022.1610237]

NTRK Fusions Detection in Paediatric Sarcomas to Expand the Morphological Spectrum and Clinical Relevance of Selected Entities

Nozzoli, Filippo;Castiglione, Francesca;Campanacci, Domenico Andrea;Beltrami, Giovanni;De Logu, Francesco;Caporalini, Chiara;Massi, Daniela;Roviello, Giandomenico
2022

Abstract

Undifferentiated round cell sarcomas (URCS) of soft tissue and bone and tumours of uncertain differentiation (TUD) are commonly ascribed to a subset of neoplasms with low frequency of NTRK gene fusions. However, more recently NTRK-rearranged round and spindle cell tumours have been noted in case reports and in limited or heterogeneous cohorts. The aim of our study was to investigate the presence of NTRK gene fusions in a large retrospective cohort of paediatric URCS and TUD after a systematic review of the diagnosis, according to the recently updated WHO classification scheme. One-hundred and five patients with diagnosis of URCS or TUD, involving the bone or soft tissue, were retrospectively evaluated. After the case selection and the histopathological review of the case cohort, pan-Trk immunohistochemistry (IHC) testing was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Tumour RNA was extracted from FFPE tissue and subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS) library preparation, using a 10-gene NGS fusion panel, sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq. The NGS-positive cases were further confirmed by real-time PCR. On immunohistochemical screening, 12/105 (11.4%) cases were positive using the pan-Trk antibody, showing three different staining patterns with the cytoplasmic distribution being most common. Molecular analysis using NGS and confirmed by the real-rime PCR detected two positive cases for the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion. The histological pattern of the two positive cases, together with the demonstration of the NTRK rearrangement, leaded to re-classify these previously not otherwise specified sarcomas with uncertain differentiation into the emerging category of NTRK-rearranged neoplasms. In addition, we found the two NTRK fused neoplasms showing a clinical indolent course, in contrast with literature.
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Nozzoli, Filippo; Lazar, Alexander J; Castiglione, Francesca; Campanacci, Domenico Andrea; Beltrami, Giovanni; De Logu, Francesco; Caporalini, Chiara; Massi, Daniela; Roviello, Giandomenico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286831
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