Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) prolong progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), some of which may achieve long-term responses. Herein, we report clinical and pathological characteristics of patients who achieved long-term responses during first-line TKI treatment. Methods: Patients receiving TKI as first-line therapy from January 2010 to December 2017 in seven Italian Oncology Centers were reviewed. Sixty-six patients were considered as long-term responders, as they remained progression-free for 36 months or more during TKI treatment. A logistic regression model was performed to evaluate the effect of each clinical-pathological variable on the probability of responding long-term. Results: A total of 335 patients with a median age of 66 years were included in the analysis. The median PFS and overall survival among the long-term responders was 70 and 106 months, respectively. At a landmark PFS analysis performed 36 months after the start of treatment, the median PFS was 34 months. Multivariate analysis from all patients identified previous nephrectomy, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) < 1, and lack of liver metastasis as favorable prognostic factors for long-term response. Female gender and lack of liver metastasis positively correlated with long-term responses in favorable-risk-score population, as well as ECOG PS < 1 in intermediate-poor risk score population. Patients Summary: Previous surgery, clinical condition, and lack of liver metastasis may predict long-term responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Conclusions: TKIs can lead to a long-term response in a subset of patients with metastatic RCC. Previous nephrectomy, optimal performance status (ECOG PS = 0), and lack of liver metastasis may predict long-term responses.

Long-Term Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma / Catalano, Martina; De Giorgi, Ugo; Maruzzo, Marco; Bimbatti, Davide; Buti, Sebastiano; Mazzaschi, Giulia; Procopio, Giuseppe; Santoni, Matteo; Galli, Luca; Conca, Raffaele; Doni, Laura; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo; Roviello, Giandomenico. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - STAMPA. - 10:(2022), pp. 2444.1-2444.12. [10.3390/biomedicines10102444]

Long-Term Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Catalano, Martina;Antonuzzo, Lorenzo;Roviello, Giandomenico
2022

Abstract

Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) prolong progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), some of which may achieve long-term responses. Herein, we report clinical and pathological characteristics of patients who achieved long-term responses during first-line TKI treatment. Methods: Patients receiving TKI as first-line therapy from January 2010 to December 2017 in seven Italian Oncology Centers were reviewed. Sixty-six patients were considered as long-term responders, as they remained progression-free for 36 months or more during TKI treatment. A logistic regression model was performed to evaluate the effect of each clinical-pathological variable on the probability of responding long-term. Results: A total of 335 patients with a median age of 66 years were included in the analysis. The median PFS and overall survival among the long-term responders was 70 and 106 months, respectively. At a landmark PFS analysis performed 36 months after the start of treatment, the median PFS was 34 months. Multivariate analysis from all patients identified previous nephrectomy, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) < 1, and lack of liver metastasis as favorable prognostic factors for long-term response. Female gender and lack of liver metastasis positively correlated with long-term responses in favorable-risk-score population, as well as ECOG PS < 1 in intermediate-poor risk score population. Patients Summary: Previous surgery, clinical condition, and lack of liver metastasis may predict long-term responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Conclusions: TKIs can lead to a long-term response in a subset of patients with metastatic RCC. Previous nephrectomy, optimal performance status (ECOG PS = 0), and lack of liver metastasis may predict long-term responses.
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Catalano, Martina; De Giorgi, Ugo; Maruzzo, Marco; Bimbatti, Davide; Buti, Sebastiano; Mazzaschi, Giulia; Procopio, Giuseppe; Santoni, Matteo; Galli, Luca; Conca, Raffaele; Doni, Laura; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo; Roviello, Giandomenico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1287006
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