Identifying determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake is essential for developing effective strategies for promoting vaccination. This longitudinal study aimed to explore predictors of actual COVID-19 vaccine uptake in workers involved in essential services during the first lockdown period in the Prato Province (Italy). All essential workers were invited and surveyed before COVID-19 vaccine approval (96.5% participation rate). Participants were followed up to evaluate their actual COVID-19 vaccination uptake using the vaccination register. Multinomial models were performed to assess predictors of delayed vaccination or non-vaccination. A total of 691 participants were included, of whom 21.7% had delayed the vaccination and 4.4% were unvaccinated. Participants with a sufficient level of health literacy were 50.2% in the vaccinated-on-time group and 32.3% in the unvaccinated group. The multinomial model predictors of delayed vaccination were work type (OR = 0.51), age between 50 and 59 years (OR = 1.82), and influenza vaccination uptake in the last season (OR = 2.51). Predictors of being unvaccinated were work type (OR = 0.33) and attitudes related to attributing less importance to COVID-19 preventive measures (OR = 0.47). Findings showed distinct predictors for COVID-19 vaccination delay and for being unvaccinated. Being unvaccinated seems to be associated with a general skepticism toward prevention measures.

Determinants of Actual COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in a Cohort of Essential Workers: An Area-Based Longitudinal Study in the Province of Prato, Italy / Lastrucci, Vieri; Lorini, Chiara; Stacchini, Lorenzo; Stancanelli, Enrica; Guida, Andrea; Radi, Alessio; Morittu, Chiara; Zimmitti, Salvatore; Alderotti, Giorgia; Del Riccio, Marco; Bechini, Angela; Boccalini, Sara; Covid-Population Research Group, null; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - ELETTRONICO. - 19:(2022), pp. 1-12. [10.3390/ijerph192013216]

Determinants of Actual COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in a Cohort of Essential Workers: An Area-Based Longitudinal Study in the Province of Prato, Italy

Lastrucci, Vieri;Lorini, Chiara;Stacchini, Lorenzo;Stancanelli, Enrica;Guida, Andrea;Radi, Alessio;Morittu, Chiara;Zimmitti, Salvatore;Del Riccio, Marco;Bechini, Angela;Boccalini, Sara;Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo
2022

Abstract

Identifying determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake is essential for developing effective strategies for promoting vaccination. This longitudinal study aimed to explore predictors of actual COVID-19 vaccine uptake in workers involved in essential services during the first lockdown period in the Prato Province (Italy). All essential workers were invited and surveyed before COVID-19 vaccine approval (96.5% participation rate). Participants were followed up to evaluate their actual COVID-19 vaccination uptake using the vaccination register. Multinomial models were performed to assess predictors of delayed vaccination or non-vaccination. A total of 691 participants were included, of whom 21.7% had delayed the vaccination and 4.4% were unvaccinated. Participants with a sufficient level of health literacy were 50.2% in the vaccinated-on-time group and 32.3% in the unvaccinated group. The multinomial model predictors of delayed vaccination were work type (OR = 0.51), age between 50 and 59 years (OR = 1.82), and influenza vaccination uptake in the last season (OR = 2.51). Predictors of being unvaccinated were work type (OR = 0.33) and attitudes related to attributing less importance to COVID-19 preventive measures (OR = 0.47). Findings showed distinct predictors for COVID-19 vaccination delay and for being unvaccinated. Being unvaccinated seems to be associated with a general skepticism toward prevention measures.
19
1
12
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Lastrucci, Vieri; Lorini, Chiara; Stacchini, Lorenzo; Stancanelli, Enrica; Guida, Andrea; Radi, Alessio; Morittu, Chiara; Zimmitti, Salvatore; Alderotti, Giorgia; Del Riccio, Marco; Bechini, Angela; Boccalini, Sara; Covid-Population Research Group, null; Bonaccorsi, Guglielmo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1287273
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