Multiple intestinal atresia with combined immune deficiency (MIA-CID) is an autosomal recessive syndrome due to mutations in the TTC7A gene implicated in the polarization of intestinal and thymic epithelial cells. MIA-CID is lethal in the first year of life in the majority of patients. Dermatological manifestations have been reported in a few cases. We describe a child affected with MIA-CID due to a previously unreported TTC7A homozygous missense mutation. Surgery for bowel occlusion was performed in the first days of life. The patient was totally dependent on parenteral nutrition since birth and presented severe diarrhea and recurrent infections. He underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at 17 months with complete donor engraftment and partial immunity improvement. In the second year of life, he progressively developed diffuse papular follicular keratoses on ichthyosiform skin, nail clubbing, and subungual hyperkeratosis. Histopathology showed hyperkeratosis with follicular plugging and scattered apoptotic keratinocytes, visualized at an ultrastructural examination. Our findings expand the spectrum of dermatological manifestations which can develop in MIA-CID patients. Examination of further patients will allow defining whether keratinocyte apoptosis is also a disease feature.

Prominent Follicular Keratosis in Multiple Intestinal Atresia with Combined Immune Deficiency Caused by a TTC7A Homozygous Mutation / Diociaiuti, Andrea; Caruso, Roberta; Ricci, Silvia; De Vito, Rita; Strocchio, Luisa; Castiglia, Daniele; Zambruno, Giovanna; El Hachem, May. - In: GENES. - ISSN 2073-4425. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:(2022), pp. 0-0. [10.3390/genes13050821]

Prominent Follicular Keratosis in Multiple Intestinal Atresia with Combined Immune Deficiency Caused by a TTC7A Homozygous Mutation

Caruso, Roberta;Ricci, Silvia;
2022

Abstract

Multiple intestinal atresia with combined immune deficiency (MIA-CID) is an autosomal recessive syndrome due to mutations in the TTC7A gene implicated in the polarization of intestinal and thymic epithelial cells. MIA-CID is lethal in the first year of life in the majority of patients. Dermatological manifestations have been reported in a few cases. We describe a child affected with MIA-CID due to a previously unreported TTC7A homozygous missense mutation. Surgery for bowel occlusion was performed in the first days of life. The patient was totally dependent on parenteral nutrition since birth and presented severe diarrhea and recurrent infections. He underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at 17 months with complete donor engraftment and partial immunity improvement. In the second year of life, he progressively developed diffuse papular follicular keratoses on ichthyosiform skin, nail clubbing, and subungual hyperkeratosis. Histopathology showed hyperkeratosis with follicular plugging and scattered apoptotic keratinocytes, visualized at an ultrastructural examination. Our findings expand the spectrum of dermatological manifestations which can develop in MIA-CID patients. Examination of further patients will allow defining whether keratinocyte apoptosis is also a disease feature.
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Diociaiuti, Andrea; Caruso, Roberta; Ricci, Silvia; De Vito, Rita; Strocchio, Luisa; Castiglia, Daniele; Zambruno, Giovanna; El Hachem, May
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1287326
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