The double layer at the solid/electrolyte interface is a key concept in electrochemistry. Here, we present an experimental study combined with simulations, which provides a molecular picture of the double-layer formation under applied voltage. By THz spectroscopy we are able to follow the stripping away of the cation/anion hydration shells for an NaCl electrolyte at the Au surface when decreasing/increasing the bias potential. While Na+ is attracted toward the electrode at the smallest applied negative potentials, stripping of the Cl2 hydration shell is observed only at higher potential values. These phenomena are directly measured by THz spectroscopy with ultrabright synchrotron light as a source and rationalized by accompanying molecular dynamics simulations and electronic-structure calculations.

Stripping away ion hydration shells in electrical double-layer formation: Water networks matter / Alfarano S.R.; Pezzotti S.; Stein C.J.; Lin Z.; Sebastiani F.; Funke S.; Hoberg C.; Kolling I.; Ma C.Y.; Mauelshagen K.; Ockelmann T.; Schwaab G.; Fu L.; Brubach J.-B.; Roy P.; Head-Gordon M.; Tschulik K.; Gaigeot M.-P.; Havenith M.. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0027-8424. - STAMPA. - 118:(2021), pp. e2108568118.1-e2108568118.8. [10.1073/pnas.2108568118]

Stripping away ion hydration shells in electrical double-layer formation: Water networks matter

Sebastiani F.;
2021

Abstract

The double layer at the solid/electrolyte interface is a key concept in electrochemistry. Here, we present an experimental study combined with simulations, which provides a molecular picture of the double-layer formation under applied voltage. By THz spectroscopy we are able to follow the stripping away of the cation/anion hydration shells for an NaCl electrolyte at the Au surface when decreasing/increasing the bias potential. While Na+ is attracted toward the electrode at the smallest applied negative potentials, stripping of the Cl2 hydration shell is observed only at higher potential values. These phenomena are directly measured by THz spectroscopy with ultrabright synchrotron light as a source and rationalized by accompanying molecular dynamics simulations and electronic-structure calculations.
2021
118
1
8
Alfarano S.R.; Pezzotti S.; Stein C.J.; Lin Z.; Sebastiani F.; Funke S.; Hoberg C.; Kolling I.; Ma C.Y.; Mauelshagen K.; Ockelmann T.; Schwaab G.; Fu L.; Brubach J.-B.; Roy P.; Head-Gordon M.; Tschulik K.; Gaigeot M.-P.; Havenith M.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1288129
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