CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels make a relevant contribution to atmospheric changes and climate disruptions. In cities, the contribution by traffic of CO2 is very relevant, and the general CO2 estimation can be computed (i) on the basis of the fuel transformation in energy using several factors and efficiency aspects of engines and (ii) by taking into account the weight moved, distance, time, and emissions factor of each specific vehicle. Those approaches are unsuitable for understanding the impact of vehicles on CO2 in cities since vehicles produce CO2 depending on their specific efficiency, producer, fuel, weight, driver style, road conditions, seasons, etc. Thanks to today's technologies, it is possible to collect real-time traffic data to obtain useful information that can be used to monitor changes in carbon emissions. The research presented in this paper studied the cause of CO2 emissions in the air with respect to different traffic conditions. In particular, we propose a model and approach to assess CO2 emissions on the basis of traffic flow data taking into account uncongested and congested conditions. These traffic situations contribute differently to the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, providing a different emissions factor. The solution was validated in urban conditions of Florence city, where the amount of CO2 is measured by sensors at a few points where more than 100 traffic flow sensors are present (data accessible on the Snap4City platform). The solution allowed for the estimation of CO2 from traffic flow, estimating the changes in the emissions factor on the basis of the seasons and in terms of precision. The identified model and solution allowed the city's distribution of CO2 to be computed.

Estimating CO2 Emissions from IoT Traffic Flow Sensors and Reconstruction / Bilotta, Stefano; Nesi, Paolo. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - STAMPA. - 22:(2022), pp. 3382-3399. [10.3390/s22093382]

Estimating CO2 Emissions from IoT Traffic Flow Sensors and Reconstruction

Bilotta, Stefano;Nesi, Paolo
2022

Abstract

CO2 emissions from burning fossil fuels make a relevant contribution to atmospheric changes and climate disruptions. In cities, the contribution by traffic of CO2 is very relevant, and the general CO2 estimation can be computed (i) on the basis of the fuel transformation in energy using several factors and efficiency aspects of engines and (ii) by taking into account the weight moved, distance, time, and emissions factor of each specific vehicle. Those approaches are unsuitable for understanding the impact of vehicles on CO2 in cities since vehicles produce CO2 depending on their specific efficiency, producer, fuel, weight, driver style, road conditions, seasons, etc. Thanks to today's technologies, it is possible to collect real-time traffic data to obtain useful information that can be used to monitor changes in carbon emissions. The research presented in this paper studied the cause of CO2 emissions in the air with respect to different traffic conditions. In particular, we propose a model and approach to assess CO2 emissions on the basis of traffic flow data taking into account uncongested and congested conditions. These traffic situations contribute differently to the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, providing a different emissions factor. The solution was validated in urban conditions of Florence city, where the amount of CO2 is measured by sensors at a few points where more than 100 traffic flow sensors are present (data accessible on the Snap4City platform). The solution allowed for the estimation of CO2 from traffic flow, estimating the changes in the emissions factor on the basis of the seasons and in terms of precision. The identified model and solution allowed the city's distribution of CO2 to be computed.
22
3382
3399
Bilotta, Stefano; Nesi, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1289666
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