The crystal structure of the human telomeric DNA Tel24 G-quadruplex (Tel24 = TAG3(T2AG3)3T) in complex with the novel [AuL] species (with L = 2,4,6-tris(2-pyrimidyl)-1,3,5-triazine - TPymT-α) was solved by a novel joint molecular mechanical (MM)/quantum mechanical (QM) innovative approach. The quantum-refinement crystallographic method (crystallographic refinement enhanced with quantum mechanical calculation) was adapted to treat the [AuL]/G-quadruplex structure, where each gold complex in the binding site was found spread over four equally occupied positions. The four positions were first determined by docking restrained to the crystallographically determined metal ions' coordinates. Then, the quantum refinement method was used to resolve the poorly defined density around the ligands and improve the crystallographic determination, revealing that the binding preferences of this metallodrug toward Tel24 G-quadruplex arise from a combined effect of pyrimidine stacking, metal-guanine interactions and charge-charge neutralizing action of the π-acid triazine. The occurrence of interaction in solution with the Tel24 G-quadruplex DNA was further proved through DNA melting experiments, which showed a slight destabilisation of the quadruplex upon adduct formation.

Computationally enhanced X-ray diffraction analysis of a gold(III) complex interacting with the human telomeric DNA G-quadruplex. Unravelling non-unique ligand positioning / Cirri, Damiano; Bazzicalupi, Carla; Ryde, Ulf; Bergmann, Justin; Binacchi, Francesca; Nocentini, Alessio; Pratesi, Alessandro; Gratteri, Paola; Messori, Luigi. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 0141-8130. - ELETTRONICO. - 211:(2022), pp. 506-513. [10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.05.033]

Computationally enhanced X-ray diffraction analysis of a gold(III) complex interacting with the human telomeric DNA G-quadruplex. Unravelling non-unique ligand positioning

Cirri, Damiano;Bazzicalupi, Carla;Nocentini, Alessio;Pratesi, Alessandro;Gratteri, Paola;Messori, Luigi
2022

Abstract

The crystal structure of the human telomeric DNA Tel24 G-quadruplex (Tel24 = TAG3(T2AG3)3T) in complex with the novel [AuL] species (with L = 2,4,6-tris(2-pyrimidyl)-1,3,5-triazine - TPymT-α) was solved by a novel joint molecular mechanical (MM)/quantum mechanical (QM) innovative approach. The quantum-refinement crystallographic method (crystallographic refinement enhanced with quantum mechanical calculation) was adapted to treat the [AuL]/G-quadruplex structure, where each gold complex in the binding site was found spread over four equally occupied positions. The four positions were first determined by docking restrained to the crystallographically determined metal ions' coordinates. Then, the quantum refinement method was used to resolve the poorly defined density around the ligands and improve the crystallographic determination, revealing that the binding preferences of this metallodrug toward Tel24 G-quadruplex arise from a combined effect of pyrimidine stacking, metal-guanine interactions and charge-charge neutralizing action of the π-acid triazine. The occurrence of interaction in solution with the Tel24 G-quadruplex DNA was further proved through DNA melting experiments, which showed a slight destabilisation of the quadruplex upon adduct formation.
211
506
513
Cirri, Damiano; Bazzicalupi, Carla; Ryde, Ulf; Bergmann, Justin; Binacchi, Francesca; Nocentini, Alessio; Pratesi, Alessandro; Gratteri, Paola; Messori, Luigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1289760
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