Loss of muscular mechanical function occurs in several diseases affecting millions of people worldwide, including heart failure, stroke, and neuromuscular disorders. To date, no medical or surgical treatments can restore muscular contractility, and the development of artificial muscles is of extreme interest. Mimicking biological muscles, which are optimized systems displaying quick reaction times, is not trivial; only few examples are reported, mainly focused on the use of biomimetic smart materials. Among them, liquid crystalline elastomers (LCEs) can be biocompatible, show contraction parameters comparable to those of native striated muscles, and are able to effectively potentiate cardiac contraction in vitro. To go further and develop in vivo implantable devices, the integration of the stimulation system with the LCE material represents an essential step. Here, a light-stimulated biomimetic contractile unit (BCU), combining ultra-thin photoresponsive LCE films and mini-LED (mLED) matrixes is described. BCU performance (in terms of extent and kinetics of contractile force and shortening) can be fine-tuned by modulating both mLED light power and spatial stimulation patterns, allowing to reproduce mechanical dynamics of native muscles. These results pave the way for the development of novel LCE-based contraction assist devices for cardiac, skeletal, or smooth muscle support by assembling multiple BCUs.

Photoresponsive Polymer-Based Biomimetic Contractile Units as Building Block for Artificial Muscles / Vitale, G; Grandinetti, B; Querceto, S; Martella, D; Tesi, C; Poggesi, C; Cerbai, E; Wiersma, DS; Parmeggiani, C; Ferrantini, C; Sacconi, L. - In: MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS AND ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1438-7492. - ELETTRONICO. - 307:(2022), pp. 2200187.0-2200187.0. [10.1002/mame.202200187]

Photoresponsive Polymer-Based Biomimetic Contractile Units as Building Block for Artificial Muscles

Vitale, G;Grandinetti, B;Querceto, S;Martella, D;Tesi, C;Poggesi, C;Cerbai, E;Wiersma, DS;Parmeggiani, C
;
Ferrantini, C
;
2022

Abstract

Loss of muscular mechanical function occurs in several diseases affecting millions of people worldwide, including heart failure, stroke, and neuromuscular disorders. To date, no medical or surgical treatments can restore muscular contractility, and the development of artificial muscles is of extreme interest. Mimicking biological muscles, which are optimized systems displaying quick reaction times, is not trivial; only few examples are reported, mainly focused on the use of biomimetic smart materials. Among them, liquid crystalline elastomers (LCEs) can be biocompatible, show contraction parameters comparable to those of native striated muscles, and are able to effectively potentiate cardiac contraction in vitro. To go further and develop in vivo implantable devices, the integration of the stimulation system with the LCE material represents an essential step. Here, a light-stimulated biomimetic contractile unit (BCU), combining ultra-thin photoresponsive LCE films and mini-LED (mLED) matrixes is described. BCU performance (in terms of extent and kinetics of contractile force and shortening) can be fine-tuned by modulating both mLED light power and spatial stimulation patterns, allowing to reproduce mechanical dynamics of native muscles. These results pave the way for the development of novel LCE-based contraction assist devices for cardiac, skeletal, or smooth muscle support by assembling multiple BCUs.
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Vitale, G; Grandinetti, B; Querceto, S; Martella, D; Tesi, C; Poggesi, C; Cerbai, E; Wiersma, DS; Parmeggiani, C; Ferrantini, C; Sacconi, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1291286
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