Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant neoplasm associated with kidney involvement in nearly half of the patients. Cast nephropathy, monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD), and light chain (AL) amyloidosis are the most common monoclonal immunoglobulin-mediated causes of renal injury. Cardiac involvement is also present in MM, characterized by restrictive cardiomyopathy generated by light chain deposit or amyloid. Thromboembolic complications such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism are also described. Case presentation: We present an unusual multidisciplinary case of a woman with a newly diagnosed MM associated with severe proteinuria and high natriuretic peptide. A renal and fat pad biopsy with Congo red staining were performed but amyloid deposition was not discovered. While immunofluorescence on fresh frozen unfixed tissue was not contributory, the immunofluorescence on fixed tissue and electron microscopy revealed the correct diagnosis. During subsequent investigations, two intracardiac right-sided masses and massive pulmonary embolism were also detected. Conclusions: This case highlights that multiple organ involvement in patients with MM may result from a combination of paraprotein-dependent and -independent factors. Moreover, renal diseases induced by monoclonal gammopathies are a group of complex and heterogeneous disorders. Their subtle presentation and their potential multiorgan involvement require the expertise of a multidisciplinary team able to provide the most appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic assessment.

A multidisciplinary case report of multiple myeloma with renal and cardiac involvement: a look beyond amyloidosis / Innocenti S.; Bacchi B.; Allinovi M.; Perfetto F.; Antonioli E.; Marchionni N.; Di Mario C.; Caroti L.; Cappelli F.; Stefano P.. - In: BMC NEPHROLOGY. - ISSN 1471-2369. - STAMPA. - 23:(2022), pp. 370.1-370.8. [10.1186/s12882-022-02984-4]

A multidisciplinary case report of multiple myeloma with renal and cardiac involvement: a look beyond amyloidosis

Innocenti S.;Bacchi B.;Allinovi M.;Perfetto F.;Antonioli E.;Marchionni N.;Di Mario C.;Caroti L.;Cappelli F.;Stefano P.
2022

Abstract

Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant neoplasm associated with kidney involvement in nearly half of the patients. Cast nephropathy, monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD), and light chain (AL) amyloidosis are the most common monoclonal immunoglobulin-mediated causes of renal injury. Cardiac involvement is also present in MM, characterized by restrictive cardiomyopathy generated by light chain deposit or amyloid. Thromboembolic complications such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism are also described. Case presentation: We present an unusual multidisciplinary case of a woman with a newly diagnosed MM associated with severe proteinuria and high natriuretic peptide. A renal and fat pad biopsy with Congo red staining were performed but amyloid deposition was not discovered. While immunofluorescence on fresh frozen unfixed tissue was not contributory, the immunofluorescence on fixed tissue and electron microscopy revealed the correct diagnosis. During subsequent investigations, two intracardiac right-sided masses and massive pulmonary embolism were also detected. Conclusions: This case highlights that multiple organ involvement in patients with MM may result from a combination of paraprotein-dependent and -independent factors. Moreover, renal diseases induced by monoclonal gammopathies are a group of complex and heterogeneous disorders. Their subtle presentation and their potential multiorgan involvement require the expertise of a multidisciplinary team able to provide the most appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic assessment.
2022
23
1
8
Innocenti S.; Bacchi B.; Allinovi M.; Perfetto F.; Antonioli E.; Marchionni N.; Di Mario C.; Caroti L.; Cappelli F.; Stefano P.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1292009
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