The increased presence of senescent cells in different neurological diseases suggests the contribution of senescence in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders. Microglia can adapt to any type of disturbance of the homeostasis of the central nervous system, and its altered activity can lead to permanent and unresolvable damage. The aim of this work was to characterize the behavioural phenotype of spared nerve injury mice and then associate it with senescence-related mechanisms. In this work, we investigated the timing of the onset of anxiety, depression, or memory decline associated with peripheral neuropathic pain and their correlation with the presence of microglial cellular senescence. Spared nerve injury mice showed a persistent pain hypersensitivity from 3 days after surgery. Twenty-eight days after nerve injury, they also developed anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment. The appearance of these symptoms was coincident to a significant increase of senescence markers, such as β-galactosidase and senescent-associated secretory phenotype, at the microglial level in the spinal cord and hippocampus of spared nerve injury animals. These markers were unaltered at previous time points. In murine immortalized microglial cells (BV2) stimulated with LPS 500 ng/mL for 10 days (4 hours/day) every other day, we observed an increase of β-galactosidase and senescent-associated secretory phenotype appearance, a reduction of cell viability, and an increase of senescence-associated heterochromatin foci. Therefore, present findings could represent an important step to a better understanding of the pathophysiological cellular mechanisms in comorbidities related to neuropathic pain states.

Microglia senescence is related to neuropathic pain-associated comorbidities in the spared nerve injury model / Borgonetti, Vittoria; Galeotti, Nicoletta. - In: PAIN. - ISSN 0304-3959. - STAMPA. - Publish Ahead of Print:(2022), pp. 1-15. [10.1097/j.pain.0000000000002807]

Microglia senescence is related to neuropathic pain-associated comorbidities in the spared nerve injury model

Borgonetti, Vittoria;Galeotti, Nicoletta
2022

Abstract

The increased presence of senescent cells in different neurological diseases suggests the contribution of senescence in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative disorders. Microglia can adapt to any type of disturbance of the homeostasis of the central nervous system, and its altered activity can lead to permanent and unresolvable damage. The aim of this work was to characterize the behavioural phenotype of spared nerve injury mice and then associate it with senescence-related mechanisms. In this work, we investigated the timing of the onset of anxiety, depression, or memory decline associated with peripheral neuropathic pain and their correlation with the presence of microglial cellular senescence. Spared nerve injury mice showed a persistent pain hypersensitivity from 3 days after surgery. Twenty-eight days after nerve injury, they also developed anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment. The appearance of these symptoms was coincident to a significant increase of senescence markers, such as β-galactosidase and senescent-associated secretory phenotype, at the microglial level in the spinal cord and hippocampus of spared nerve injury animals. These markers were unaltered at previous time points. In murine immortalized microglial cells (BV2) stimulated with LPS 500 ng/mL for 10 days (4 hours/day) every other day, we observed an increase of β-galactosidase and senescent-associated secretory phenotype appearance, a reduction of cell viability, and an increase of senescence-associated heterochromatin foci. Therefore, present findings could represent an important step to a better understanding of the pathophysiological cellular mechanisms in comorbidities related to neuropathic pain states.
2022
Publish Ahead of Print
1
15
Borgonetti, Vittoria; Galeotti, Nicoletta
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1292525
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