Characterisation and evaluation of soil bacteria were conducted in order to select the most potent strains that participate in the degradation of cellulose in unique agroecosystem and climatic conditions. Cellulolytic activity of soil bacteria was estimated using qualitative assays such as growth on selective media followed by screening with Congo red, Gram’s iodine solution, confirmation test on Congo red agar, determination of enzyme production, and sugar utilisation pattern. A total of 159 soil cellulolytic bacterial strains were selected based on shape, size, and colony characteristics. According to the results of all three screening assays, sixty-four, thirty-eight and fifty-one isolates were able to degrade at some level of cellulose, respectively. Partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of 64 bacterial strains obtained using sequences retrieved from the databases indicated the presence of cellulolytic bacteria represented by members of the phyla Actinobacteria (48.44%), followed by Firmicutes (32.81%), Proteobacteria (15.62%) and Bacteroidetes (3.13%). Determination of enzyme production showed that fifteen strains possess endoglucanases activity which ranged from 9.09 to 942.41 nanomoles of MUF (4-methylumbelliferone) mL. Likewise, β-glucosidase enzyme activity was determined in 23.4 % of all isolates. The sugar utilisation pattern of soil bacterial strains displayed the different capabilities of growth and utilisation on various carbon sources, which occur in lignocellulosic materials (cellulose, starch) or their hydrolysates (glucose, galactose, fructose, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, trehalose).

Characterisation of Cellulolytic Bacteria Isolated from Agricultural Soil in Central Lithuania / Shamshitov, Arman; Decorosi, Francesca; Viti, Carlo; Fornasier, Flavio; Kadžienė, Gražina; Supronienė, Skaidrė. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - ELETTRONICO. - 15:(2023), pp. 598.0-598.0. [10.3390/su15010598]

Characterisation of Cellulolytic Bacteria Isolated from Agricultural Soil in Central Lithuania

Decorosi, Francesca
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Viti, Carlo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2023

Abstract

Characterisation and evaluation of soil bacteria were conducted in order to select the most potent strains that participate in the degradation of cellulose in unique agroecosystem and climatic conditions. Cellulolytic activity of soil bacteria was estimated using qualitative assays such as growth on selective media followed by screening with Congo red, Gram’s iodine solution, confirmation test on Congo red agar, determination of enzyme production, and sugar utilisation pattern. A total of 159 soil cellulolytic bacterial strains were selected based on shape, size, and colony characteristics. According to the results of all three screening assays, sixty-four, thirty-eight and fifty-one isolates were able to degrade at some level of cellulose, respectively. Partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of 64 bacterial strains obtained using sequences retrieved from the databases indicated the presence of cellulolytic bacteria represented by members of the phyla Actinobacteria (48.44%), followed by Firmicutes (32.81%), Proteobacteria (15.62%) and Bacteroidetes (3.13%). Determination of enzyme production showed that fifteen strains possess endoglucanases activity which ranged from 9.09 to 942.41 nanomoles of MUF (4-methylumbelliferone) mL. Likewise, β-glucosidase enzyme activity was determined in 23.4 % of all isolates. The sugar utilisation pattern of soil bacterial strains displayed the different capabilities of growth and utilisation on various carbon sources, which occur in lignocellulosic materials (cellulose, starch) or their hydrolysates (glucose, galactose, fructose, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, trehalose).
2023
15
0
0
Shamshitov, Arman; Decorosi, Francesca; Viti, Carlo; Fornasier, Flavio; Kadžienė, Gražina; Supronienė, Skaidrė
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1295519
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