: Sustainability and circular economy are increasingly pushing for the search of natural materials to foster antiparasitic treatments, especially in the case of economically relevant agricultural cultivations, such as grapevine. In this work, we propose to deliver neem oil, a natural biopesticide loaded into novel nanovectors (nanocapsules) which were fabricated using a scalable procedure starting from Kraft lignin and grapeseed tannins. The obtained formulations were characterized in terms of size and Zeta potential, showing that almost all the nanocapsules had size in the suitable range for delivery purposes (mean diameter 150-300 nm), with low polydispersity and sufficient stability to ensure long shelf life. The target microorganisms were three reference fungal pathogens of grapevine (Botrytis cinerea, Phaeoacremonium minimum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora), responsible for recurrent diseases on this crop: grey mold or berry rot by B. cinerea and diseases of grapevine wood within the Esca complex of diseases. Results showed that grapeseed tannins did not promote inhibitory effects, either alone or in combination with Kraft lignin. On the contrary, the efficacy of neem oil against P. minimum was boosted by more than 1-2 orders of magnitude and the parasite growth inhibition was higher with respect to a widely used commercial pesticide, while no additional activity was detected against P. chlamydospora and B. cinerea.

Tannins-lignin mixed nanoformulations for improving the potential of neem oil as fungicide agent / Falsini, Sara; Nieri, Tommaso; Paolini, Aurora; Schiff, Silvia; Papini, Alessio; Mugnai, Laura; Gonnelli, Cristina; Ristori, Sandra. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1614-7499. - STAMPA. - (2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1007/s11356-022-24991-6]

Tannins-lignin mixed nanoformulations for improving the potential of neem oil as fungicide agent

Falsini, Sara
;
Nieri, Tommaso;Paolini, Aurora;Schiff, Silvia;Papini, Alessio;Mugnai, Laura;Gonnelli, Cristina;Ristori, Sandra
2023

Abstract

: Sustainability and circular economy are increasingly pushing for the search of natural materials to foster antiparasitic treatments, especially in the case of economically relevant agricultural cultivations, such as grapevine. In this work, we propose to deliver neem oil, a natural biopesticide loaded into novel nanovectors (nanocapsules) which were fabricated using a scalable procedure starting from Kraft lignin and grapeseed tannins. The obtained formulations were characterized in terms of size and Zeta potential, showing that almost all the nanocapsules had size in the suitable range for delivery purposes (mean diameter 150-300 nm), with low polydispersity and sufficient stability to ensure long shelf life. The target microorganisms were three reference fungal pathogens of grapevine (Botrytis cinerea, Phaeoacremonium minimum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora), responsible for recurrent diseases on this crop: grey mold or berry rot by B. cinerea and diseases of grapevine wood within the Esca complex of diseases. Results showed that grapeseed tannins did not promote inhibitory effects, either alone or in combination with Kraft lignin. On the contrary, the efficacy of neem oil against P. minimum was boosted by more than 1-2 orders of magnitude and the parasite growth inhibition was higher with respect to a widely used commercial pesticide, while no additional activity was detected against P. chlamydospora and B. cinerea.
2023
0
0
Goal 2: Zero hunger
Goal 13: Climate action
Goal 15: Life on land
Falsini, Sara; Nieri, Tommaso; Paolini, Aurora; Schiff, Silvia; Papini, Alessio; Mugnai, Laura; Gonnelli, Cristina; Ristori, Sandra
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1295879
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