The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the transgender population remains an underestimated issue. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence of either self-reported and serological STIs and to describe socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of transgender individuals with STIs. A consecutive series of 705 transgender individuals (assigned-male at birth, AMAB n = 377; assigned-female at birth, AFAB n = 328) referring to six Italian gender clinics were included. Sociodemographic and clinical information was collected during the first visit. In a subsample of 126 individuals prevalence of STIs (human immunodeficiency virus, HIV; hepatitis C, HCV; hepatitis B, HBV; syphilis) were evaluated through serology tests. The self-reported prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infection in the total sample were 3.4%, 1.6%, 2.6% and 2.0%, respectively. In the subsample who underwent serological tests, higher rates of serological prevalence were found (9.5%, 4.0%, 5.6% and 7.9% for HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis, respectively). When comparing transgender people with or without selfreported STIs, unemployment, previous incarceration, justice problems and sex work resulted more frequent in the first group (p< 0.03 for all). Regarding health status, we observed higher rates of lifetime substance abuse and psychiatric morbidities in trans people with at least one reported STI (p < 0.05). The prevalence of STIs exceeded that reported in general population and STIs correlates underline the importance of stigma and discrimination as determinants of transgender health. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Prevalence and Correlates of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Transgender People: An Italian Multicentric Cross-Sectional Study / Cocchetti, Carlotta; Romani, Alessia; Mazzoli, Francesca; Ristori, Jiska; Lagi, Filippo; Meriggiola, Maria Cristina; Motta, Giovanna; Pierdominici, Marina; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Vignozzi, Linda; Maggi, Mario; Fisher, Alessandra Daphne. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:(2022), pp. 2774-2774. [10.3390/jcm11102774]

Prevalence and Correlates of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Transgender People: An Italian Multicentric Cross-Sectional Study

Cocchetti, Carlotta;Mazzoli, Francesca;Ristori, Jiska;Lagi, Filippo;Meriggiola, Maria Cristina;Motta, Giovanna;Bartoloni, Alessandro;Vignozzi, Linda;Maggi, Mario;Fisher, Alessandra Daphne
2022

Abstract

The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the transgender population remains an underestimated issue. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence of either self-reported and serological STIs and to describe socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of transgender individuals with STIs. A consecutive series of 705 transgender individuals (assigned-male at birth, AMAB n = 377; assigned-female at birth, AFAB n = 328) referring to six Italian gender clinics were included. Sociodemographic and clinical information was collected during the first visit. In a subsample of 126 individuals prevalence of STIs (human immunodeficiency virus, HIV; hepatitis C, HCV; hepatitis B, HBV; syphilis) were evaluated through serology tests. The self-reported prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis infection in the total sample were 3.4%, 1.6%, 2.6% and 2.0%, respectively. In the subsample who underwent serological tests, higher rates of serological prevalence were found (9.5%, 4.0%, 5.6% and 7.9% for HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis, respectively). When comparing transgender people with or without selfreported STIs, unemployment, previous incarceration, justice problems and sex work resulted more frequent in the first group (p< 0.03 for all). Regarding health status, we observed higher rates of lifetime substance abuse and psychiatric morbidities in trans people with at least one reported STI (p < 0.05). The prevalence of STIs exceeded that reported in general population and STIs correlates underline the importance of stigma and discrimination as determinants of transgender health. © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
2022
11
2774
2774
Cocchetti, Carlotta; Romani, Alessia; Mazzoli, Francesca; Ristori, Jiska; Lagi, Filippo; Meriggiola, Maria Cristina; Motta, Giovanna; Pierdominici, Marina; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Vignozzi, Linda; Maggi, Mario; Fisher, Alessandra Daphne
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1296583
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