: Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumors in women of reproductive age, frequently associated with pain symptoms and heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), leading to impaired quality of life. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the global perception of stress and the menstrual distress in patients with UFs. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a group (n = 69) of fertile age women with UFs compared to age-matched controls, by administering two questionnaires: the perceived stress scale (PSS) and the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MEDI-Q). The PSS, MEDI-Q Total Score and 3 subscales-menstrual symptoms (MS), menstrual symptoms distress (MSD), and menstrual specificity index (MESI)-were evaluated. Patients with UFs showed higher PSS than controls (18.5 ± 5.0 vs. 13.8 ± 5.0, p < 0.001) and PSS values were very high in those with HMB, severe dysmenorrhea, and impaired social and working life. Patients with UFs also showed significantly higher score for MEDI-Q Total Score (16.51 ± 12.99 vs. 10.86 ± 12.36) (p < 0.01) as well as for the subscales MSD (2.54 ± 1.07 vs. 1.57 ± 0.98) (p < 0.001) and MESI (0.76 ± 0.30 vs 0.60 ± 0.39) (p < 0.05). The menstrual distress was associated to being uncomfortable about uterine bleeding; in fact, MEDI-Q Total Score was significantly higher in women with HMB compared to those with moderate/normal bleeding. UF characteristics (number, type, and size) did not correlate with perceived stress or menstrual distress. In conclusion, women with UFs have significantly higher levels of perceived stress and menstrual distress than controls and HMB plays a major role in determining such conditions.

Uterine Fibroids, Perceived Stress, and Menstrual Distress: a Key Role of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding / Vannuccini, Silvia; Clemenza, Sara; Cassioli, Emanuele; Rossi, Eleonora; Castellini, Giovanni; Ricca, Valdo; Petraglia, Felice. - In: REPRODUCTIVE SCIENCES. - ISSN 1933-7205. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 0-0. [10.1007/s43032-022-01126-3]

Uterine Fibroids, Perceived Stress, and Menstrual Distress: a Key Role of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Vannuccini, Silvia;Clemenza, Sara;Cassioli, Emanuele;Castellini, Giovanni;Ricca, Valdo;Petraglia, Felice
2022

Abstract

: Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign tumors in women of reproductive age, frequently associated with pain symptoms and heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), leading to impaired quality of life. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate the global perception of stress and the menstrual distress in patients with UFs. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a group (n = 69) of fertile age women with UFs compared to age-matched controls, by administering two questionnaires: the perceived stress scale (PSS) and the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MEDI-Q). The PSS, MEDI-Q Total Score and 3 subscales-menstrual symptoms (MS), menstrual symptoms distress (MSD), and menstrual specificity index (MESI)-were evaluated. Patients with UFs showed higher PSS than controls (18.5 ± 5.0 vs. 13.8 ± 5.0, p < 0.001) and PSS values were very high in those with HMB, severe dysmenorrhea, and impaired social and working life. Patients with UFs also showed significantly higher score for MEDI-Q Total Score (16.51 ± 12.99 vs. 10.86 ± 12.36) (p < 0.01) as well as for the subscales MSD (2.54 ± 1.07 vs. 1.57 ± 0.98) (p < 0.001) and MESI (0.76 ± 0.30 vs 0.60 ± 0.39) (p < 0.05). The menstrual distress was associated to being uncomfortable about uterine bleeding; in fact, MEDI-Q Total Score was significantly higher in women with HMB compared to those with moderate/normal bleeding. UF characteristics (number, type, and size) did not correlate with perceived stress or menstrual distress. In conclusion, women with UFs have significantly higher levels of perceived stress and menstrual distress than controls and HMB plays a major role in determining such conditions.
2022
0
0
Vannuccini, Silvia; Clemenza, Sara; Cassioli, Emanuele; Rossi, Eleonora; Castellini, Giovanni; Ricca, Valdo; Petraglia, Felice
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
s43032-022-01126-3.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pdf editoriale (Version of record)
Licenza: Open Access
Dimensione 707.18 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
707.18 kB Adobe PDF

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1296648
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact