: Adiponectin (ADPN), a hormone produced by adipose tissue, facilitates gastric relaxation and can be a satiety signal in the network connecting peripheral organs and the central nervous system for feeding behavior control. Here, we performed preclinical research by morpho-functional analyses on murine gastric fundus smooth muscle to add insights into the molecular mechanisms underpinning ADPN action. Moreover, we conducted a clinical study to evaluate the potential use of ADPN as a biomarker for eating disorders (ED) based on the demonstrated gastric alterations and hormone level fluctuations that are often associated with ED. The clinical study recruited patients with ED and healthy controls who underwent blood draws for ADPN dosage and psychopathology evaluation tests. The findings of this basic research support the ADPN relaxant action, as indicated by the smooth muscle cell membrane pro-relaxant effects, with mild modifications of contractile apparatus and slight inhibitory effects on gap junctions. All of these actions engaged the ADPN/nitric oxide/guanylate cyclase pathway. The clinical data failed to unravel a correlation between ADPN levels and the considered ED, thus negating the potential use of ADPN as a valid biomarker for ED management for the moment. Nevertheless, this adipokine can modulate physiological eating behavior, and its effects deserve further investigation.

Defining the Molecular Mechanisms of the Relaxant Action of Adiponectin on Murine Gastric Fundus Smooth Muscle: Potential Translational Perspectives on Eating Disorder Management / Garella, Rachele; Cassioli, Emanuele; Chellini, Flaminia; Tani, Alessia; Rossi, Eleonora; Idrizaj, Eglantina; Guasti, Daniele; Comeglio, Paolo; Palmieri, Francesco; Parigi, Martina; Vignozzi, Linda; Baccari, Maria Caterina; Ricca, Valdo; Sassoli, Chiara; Castellini, Giovanni; Squecco, Roberta. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - STAMPA. - 24:(2023), pp. 1082-1082. [10.3390/ijms24021082]

Defining the Molecular Mechanisms of the Relaxant Action of Adiponectin on Murine Gastric Fundus Smooth Muscle: Potential Translational Perspectives on Eating Disorder Management

Garella, Rachele;Cassioli, Emanuele;Chellini, Flaminia;Tani, Alessia;Idrizaj, Eglantina;Guasti, Daniele;Comeglio, Paolo;Palmieri, Francesco;Parigi, Martina;Vignozzi, Linda;Baccari, Maria Caterina;Ricca, Valdo;Sassoli, Chiara;Castellini, Giovanni;Squecco, Roberta
2023

Abstract

: Adiponectin (ADPN), a hormone produced by adipose tissue, facilitates gastric relaxation and can be a satiety signal in the network connecting peripheral organs and the central nervous system for feeding behavior control. Here, we performed preclinical research by morpho-functional analyses on murine gastric fundus smooth muscle to add insights into the molecular mechanisms underpinning ADPN action. Moreover, we conducted a clinical study to evaluate the potential use of ADPN as a biomarker for eating disorders (ED) based on the demonstrated gastric alterations and hormone level fluctuations that are often associated with ED. The clinical study recruited patients with ED and healthy controls who underwent blood draws for ADPN dosage and psychopathology evaluation tests. The findings of this basic research support the ADPN relaxant action, as indicated by the smooth muscle cell membrane pro-relaxant effects, with mild modifications of contractile apparatus and slight inhibitory effects on gap junctions. All of these actions engaged the ADPN/nitric oxide/guanylate cyclase pathway. The clinical data failed to unravel a correlation between ADPN levels and the considered ED, thus negating the potential use of ADPN as a valid biomarker for ED management for the moment. Nevertheless, this adipokine can modulate physiological eating behavior, and its effects deserve further investigation.
2023
24
1082
1082
Garella, Rachele; Cassioli, Emanuele; Chellini, Flaminia; Tani, Alessia; Rossi, Eleonora; Idrizaj, Eglantina; Guasti, Daniele; Comeglio, Paolo; Palmieri, Francesco; Parigi, Martina; Vignozzi, Linda; Baccari, Maria Caterina; Ricca, Valdo; Sassoli, Chiara; Castellini, Giovanni; Squecco, Roberta
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1296650
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