: Complete Neanderthal skeletons are almost unique findings. A very well-preserved specimen of this kind was discovered in 1993 in the deepest recesses of a karstic system near the town of Altamura in Southern Italy. We present here a detailed description of the cranium, after we virtually extracted it from the surrounding stalagmites and stalactites. The morphology of the Altamura cranium fits within the Neanderthal variability, though it retains features occurring in more archaic European samples. Some of these features were never observed in Homo neanderthalensis, i.e. in fossil specimens dated between 300 and 40 ka. Considering the U-Th age we previously obtained (>130 ka), the morphology of Altamura suggests that the archaic traits it retains may have been originated by geographic isolation of the early Neanderthal populations from Southern Italy.

Virtual excavation and analysis of the early Neanderthal cranium from Altamura (Italy) / Profico, Antonio; Buzi, Costantino; Di Vincenzo, Fabio; Boggioni, Marco; Borsato, Andrea; Boschian, Giovanni; Marchi, Damiano; Micheli, Mario; Moggi Cecchi, Jacopo; Samadelli, Marco; Tafuri, Mary Anne; Arsuaga, Juan Luis; Manzi, Giorgio. - In: COMMUNICATIONS BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2399-3642. - ELETTRONICO. - 6:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1038/s42003-023-04644-1]

Virtual excavation and analysis of the early Neanderthal cranium from Altamura (Italy)

Di Vincenzo, Fabio;Moggi Cecchi, Jacopo;
2023

Abstract

: Complete Neanderthal skeletons are almost unique findings. A very well-preserved specimen of this kind was discovered in 1993 in the deepest recesses of a karstic system near the town of Altamura in Southern Italy. We present here a detailed description of the cranium, after we virtually extracted it from the surrounding stalagmites and stalactites. The morphology of the Altamura cranium fits within the Neanderthal variability, though it retains features occurring in more archaic European samples. Some of these features were never observed in Homo neanderthalensis, i.e. in fossil specimens dated between 300 and 40 ka. Considering the U-Th age we previously obtained (>130 ka), the morphology of Altamura suggests that the archaic traits it retains may have been originated by geographic isolation of the early Neanderthal populations from Southern Italy.
2023
6
0
0
Profico, Antonio; Buzi, Costantino; Di Vincenzo, Fabio; Boggioni, Marco; Borsato, Andrea; Boschian, Giovanni; Marchi, Damiano; Micheli, Mario; Moggi Cecchi, Jacopo; Samadelli, Marco; Tafuri, Mary Anne; Arsuaga, Juan Luis; Manzi, Giorgio
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1302708
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