This work combined a micromorphological and phytochemical study approach on Lavandula angustifolia Mill. cultivated at the Ghirardi Botanic Garden (Toscolano Maderno, BS, Italy). The micromorphological observa-tions on leaves and flowers revealed the occurrence of three trichome morphotypes: peltate, short-and medium-stalked capitate. The histochemical dyes evidenced a huge production of terpenes by peltate and medium-stalked capitates, while short-stalked capitates were responsible for hydrophilic secretions. The phytochemical survey concerned the characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by leaves and flowers, along with the analysis of the composition of the essential oil (OE) from flowering aerial parts. Oxygenated monoterpenes dominated both the leaf and flower profiles (65.66% vs 45.97%). The main compounds emitted by leaves were 1,8-cineole, p-cymene and borneol; linalool acetate, b-caryophyllene and linalool by flowers. 1,8-Cineole was also the dominant exclusive compound in leaves, while linalool ace-tate in flowers. The EO was characterized by linalool, linalool acetate, 4-terpineol, lavandulol acetate, and b-caryophyllene. Finally, evaluations about the VOC ecology, the EO biological activity and sensory qualities were proposed based on literature. This set of information was made available to the visitors of the Ghirardi Botanic Garden through the realization of a dedicated labelling, coupling the scientific research to the educa-tional missions in an Open Science context.(c) 2022 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Insight into micromorphology and phytochemistry of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. from Italy / Giuliani, C; Bottoni, M; Ascrizzi, R; Milani, F; Spada, A; Papini, A; Flamini, G; Fico, G. - In: SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY. - ISSN 0254-6299. - STAMPA. - 153:(2023), pp. 83-93. [10.1016/j.sajb.2022.12.018]

Insight into micromorphology and phytochemistry of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. from Italy

Giuliani, C;Papini, A;Flamini, G;
2023

Abstract

This work combined a micromorphological and phytochemical study approach on Lavandula angustifolia Mill. cultivated at the Ghirardi Botanic Garden (Toscolano Maderno, BS, Italy). The micromorphological observa-tions on leaves and flowers revealed the occurrence of three trichome morphotypes: peltate, short-and medium-stalked capitate. The histochemical dyes evidenced a huge production of terpenes by peltate and medium-stalked capitates, while short-stalked capitates were responsible for hydrophilic secretions. The phytochemical survey concerned the characterization of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted by leaves and flowers, along with the analysis of the composition of the essential oil (OE) from flowering aerial parts. Oxygenated monoterpenes dominated both the leaf and flower profiles (65.66% vs 45.97%). The main compounds emitted by leaves were 1,8-cineole, p-cymene and borneol; linalool acetate, b-caryophyllene and linalool by flowers. 1,8-Cineole was also the dominant exclusive compound in leaves, while linalool ace-tate in flowers. The EO was characterized by linalool, linalool acetate, 4-terpineol, lavandulol acetate, and b-caryophyllene. Finally, evaluations about the VOC ecology, the EO biological activity and sensory qualities were proposed based on literature. This set of information was made available to the visitors of the Ghirardi Botanic Garden through the realization of a dedicated labelling, coupling the scientific research to the educa-tional missions in an Open Science context.(c) 2022 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2023
153
83
93
Giuliani, C; Bottoni, M; Ascrizzi, R; Milani, F; Spada, A; Papini, A; Flamini, G; Fico, G
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1303121
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