The space-borne PAMELA experiment was launched on the 15th June 2006 on board the Russian satellite Resurs-DK1 from the Baikonur cosmodrome. PAMELA performed high-precision measurements of cosmic rays over a wide energy range until January 2016. Owing to its long-duration operation, PAMELA had turned out to be an optimal detecting apparatus for studies of the solar modulation of cosmic rays over time. The PAMELA collaboration has already published time-dependent proton, helium and electron spectra as well as the positron to electron ratio spanning almost an entire solar cycle. These results are fundamentally important in the fine-tuning of propagation and modulation models of cosmic rays through the Heliosphere. In this talk, the yearly average spectra for protons, deuterons, Helium-3 and Helium-4 nuclei are presented for the 23rd solar minimum (July 2006 - January 2009) and the first part of the 24th solar maximum (until September 2014). The isotopic composition was measured between 0.1 and 1.1 GeV/n using two different detector systems. As expected, the measured spectra display a rising trend towards the solar minimum followed by a decreasing trend as the solar maximum approaches. The time-dependent ratio of these isotopes is also presented. According to solar modulation studies, a non-constant ratio is expected due to the different charge-to-mass ratios and the different shapes of the respective local interstellar spectra. Additionally, it is of interest to analyze the observed spectra and ratios with state-of-the-art solar modulation models to obtain a deeper understanding of the relative importance of the mechanisms responsible for the propagation of cosmic rays in the Heliosphere over time.

Study of the solar modulation for the cosmic ray isotopes with the PAMELA experiment / Lenni A.; Boezio M.; Munini R.; Menn W.; Marcelli N.; Potgieter M.S.; Bisschoff D.; Ngobeni M.D.; Aslam O.P.M.; Adriani O.; Barbarino G.C.; Bazilevskaya G.A.; Bellotti R.; Bogomolov E.A.; Bongi M.; Bonvicini V.; Bruno A.; Cafagna F.; Campana D.; Carlson P.; Casolino M.; Castellini G.; De Santis C.; Galper A.M.; Koldashov S.V.; Koldobskiy S.; Kvashnin A.N.; Leonov A.A.; Malakhov V.V.; Marcelli L.; Martucci M.; Mayorov A.G.; Merge M.; Mikhailov V.V.; Mocchiutti E.; Monaco A.; Mori N.; Osteria G.; Panico B.; Papini P.; Pearce M.; Picozza P.; Ricci M.; Ricciarini S.B.; Simon M.; Sotgiu A.; Sparvoli R.; Spillantini P.; Stozhkov Y.I.; Vacchi A.; Vannuccini E.; Vasilyev G.I.; Voronov S.A.; Yurkin Y.T.; Zampa G.; Zampa N.. - In: POS PROCEEDINGS OF SCIENCE. - ISSN 1824-8039. - ELETTRONICO. - 395:(2022), pp. 1310.1-1310.9.

Study of the solar modulation for the cosmic ray isotopes with the PAMELA experiment

Adriani O.;Bongi M.;
2022

Abstract

The space-borne PAMELA experiment was launched on the 15th June 2006 on board the Russian satellite Resurs-DK1 from the Baikonur cosmodrome. PAMELA performed high-precision measurements of cosmic rays over a wide energy range until January 2016. Owing to its long-duration operation, PAMELA had turned out to be an optimal detecting apparatus for studies of the solar modulation of cosmic rays over time. The PAMELA collaboration has already published time-dependent proton, helium and electron spectra as well as the positron to electron ratio spanning almost an entire solar cycle. These results are fundamentally important in the fine-tuning of propagation and modulation models of cosmic rays through the Heliosphere. In this talk, the yearly average spectra for protons, deuterons, Helium-3 and Helium-4 nuclei are presented for the 23rd solar minimum (July 2006 - January 2009) and the first part of the 24th solar maximum (until September 2014). The isotopic composition was measured between 0.1 and 1.1 GeV/n using two different detector systems. As expected, the measured spectra display a rising trend towards the solar minimum followed by a decreasing trend as the solar maximum approaches. The time-dependent ratio of these isotopes is also presented. According to solar modulation studies, a non-constant ratio is expected due to the different charge-to-mass ratios and the different shapes of the respective local interstellar spectra. Additionally, it is of interest to analyze the observed spectra and ratios with state-of-the-art solar modulation models to obtain a deeper understanding of the relative importance of the mechanisms responsible for the propagation of cosmic rays in the Heliosphere over time.
2022
395
1
9
Lenni A.; Boezio M.; Munini R.; Menn W.; Marcelli N.; Potgieter M.S.; Bisschoff D.; Ngobeni M.D.; Aslam O.P.M.; Adriani O.; Barbarino G.C.; Bazilevskaya G.A.; Bellotti R.; Bogomolov E.A.; Bongi M.; Bonvicini V.; Bruno A.; Cafagna F.; Campana D.; Carlson P.; Casolino M.; Castellini G.; De Santis C.; Galper A.M.; Koldashov S.V.; Koldobskiy S.; Kvashnin A.N.; Leonov A.A.; Malakhov V.V.; Marcelli L.; Martucci M.; Mayorov A.G.; Merge M.; Mikhailov V.V.; Mocchiutti E.; Monaco A.; Mori N.; Osteria G.; Panico B.; Papini P.; Pearce M.; Picozza P.; Ricci M.; Ricciarini S.B.; Simon M.; Sotgiu A.; Sparvoli R.; Spillantini P.; Stozhkov Y.I.; Vacchi A.; Vannuccini E.; Vasilyev G.I.; Voronov S.A.; Yurkin Y.T.; Zampa G.; Zampa N.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1303646
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