Centrifugal compressors are suited for high pressure applications. Generally, many centrifugal compressor stages are stacked together in order to guarantee the overall pressure ratio implying larger machines. With the aim of more compact machines, it is possible to design high pressure ratio stages, thus reducing the total number of stages. In this case, the impeller rotates at high speed to obtain an adequate work input. That in turn implies that the flow exits the impeller and enters the following diffuser with a large tangential velocity component. Vaned diffusers are thus more effective in this context to obtain a high pressure recovery keeping the widest operating range. Ideally, fixed diffuser blades do not present any gap between the tip of the blade and the casing however, due to assembly tolerances, the diffuser has a clearance impacting performance. On these premises, this paper presents the optimization of a vaned diffuser exploiting artificial neural networks as a surrogate model. The maximum clearance value allowed by the manufacturing tolerances is taken into account during the optimization. The optimized geometry shows a large improvement in the diffuser performance ensuring an extended operating range. Moreover, the optimized diffuser is more gap insensitive, since the performance lay in a narrow range of variability demonstrating an improved robustness with respect to the clearance values. The performance of the optimized geometry is assessed within an experimental campaign carried out on the compressor stage.

Robust Design of a Vaned Diffuser in a Centrifugal Compressor Stage With a High Load Impeller / Agnolucci Andrea, Marconcini Michele, Biliotti Davide, Toni Lorenzo, Baroni Alberto, Romani Luca, Arnone Andrea. - ELETTRONICO. - 13D: Turbomachinery:(2023), pp. 0-0. (Intervento presentato al convegno ASME Turbo Expo 2023 Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition tenutosi a Boston, MA, USA nel June 26 – 30, 2023) [10.1115/GT2023-103585].

Robust Design of a Vaned Diffuser in a Centrifugal Compressor Stage With a High Load Impeller

Marconcini Michele
;
Baroni Alberto;Romani Luca;Arnone Andrea
2023

Abstract

Centrifugal compressors are suited for high pressure applications. Generally, many centrifugal compressor stages are stacked together in order to guarantee the overall pressure ratio implying larger machines. With the aim of more compact machines, it is possible to design high pressure ratio stages, thus reducing the total number of stages. In this case, the impeller rotates at high speed to obtain an adequate work input. That in turn implies that the flow exits the impeller and enters the following diffuser with a large tangential velocity component. Vaned diffusers are thus more effective in this context to obtain a high pressure recovery keeping the widest operating range. Ideally, fixed diffuser blades do not present any gap between the tip of the blade and the casing however, due to assembly tolerances, the diffuser has a clearance impacting performance. On these premises, this paper presents the optimization of a vaned diffuser exploiting artificial neural networks as a surrogate model. The maximum clearance value allowed by the manufacturing tolerances is taken into account during the optimization. The optimized geometry shows a large improvement in the diffuser performance ensuring an extended operating range. Moreover, the optimized diffuser is more gap insensitive, since the performance lay in a narrow range of variability demonstrating an improved robustness with respect to the clearance values. The performance of the optimized geometry is assessed within an experimental campaign carried out on the compressor stage.
2023
Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2023: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition.
ASME Turbo Expo 2023 Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
Boston, MA, USA
June 26 – 30, 2023
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
Agnolucci Andrea, Marconcini Michele, Biliotti Davide, Toni Lorenzo, Baroni Alberto, Romani Luca, Arnone Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1303826
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