The management of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has the continuum of care as the treatment paradigm. To date, trifluridine/tipiracil, a biochemically modulated fluoropyrimidine, and regorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, remain the main options for the majority of patients who progressed to standard doublet- or triplet-based chemotherapies, although a tailored approach could be indicated in certain circumstances. Being highly selective for vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1, -2 and -3, fruquintinib demonstrated a strong anti-tumor activity in preclinical models and received approval from China's National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) in 2018 for the treatment of patients with chemo-refractory mCRC. The approval was based on the results of the phase III FRESCO trial. Then, in order to overcome geographic differences in clinical practice, the FRESCO-2 trial was conducted in the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia. In a heavily pretreated patient population, the study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating an advantage of fruquintinib over a placebo in overall survival (OS). Here, we review the clinical development of fruquintinib and its perspectives in gastrointestinal cancers. Then, we discuss the introduction of fruquintinib in the continuum of care of CRC paying special attention to unmet needs, including the identification of cross-resistant and potentially susceptible populations, evaluation of radiological response, and identification of novel biomarkers of clinical benefit.

Evaluation of Fruquintinib in the Continuum of Care of Patients with Colorectal Cancer / Lavacchi, Daniele; Roviello, Giandomenico; Guidolin, Alessia; Romano, Silvia; Venturini, Jacopo; Caliman, Enrico; Vannini, Agnese; Giommoni, Elisa; Pellegrini, Elisa; Brugia, Marco; Pillozzi, Serena; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - STAMPA. - 24:(2023), pp. 5840-5851. [10.3390/ijms24065840]

Evaluation of Fruquintinib in the Continuum of Care of Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Lavacchi, Daniele;Roviello, Giandomenico
;
Guidolin, Alessia;Romano, Silvia;Venturini, Jacopo;Caliman, Enrico;Vannini, Agnese;Giommoni, Elisa;Pellegrini, Elisa;Brugia, Marco;Pillozzi, Serena;Antonuzzo, Lorenzo
2023

Abstract

The management of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has the continuum of care as the treatment paradigm. To date, trifluridine/tipiracil, a biochemically modulated fluoropyrimidine, and regorafenib, a multi-kinase inhibitor, remain the main options for the majority of patients who progressed to standard doublet- or triplet-based chemotherapies, although a tailored approach could be indicated in certain circumstances. Being highly selective for vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1, -2 and -3, fruquintinib demonstrated a strong anti-tumor activity in preclinical models and received approval from China's National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) in 2018 for the treatment of patients with chemo-refractory mCRC. The approval was based on the results of the phase III FRESCO trial. Then, in order to overcome geographic differences in clinical practice, the FRESCO-2 trial was conducted in the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia. In a heavily pretreated patient population, the study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating an advantage of fruquintinib over a placebo in overall survival (OS). Here, we review the clinical development of fruquintinib and its perspectives in gastrointestinal cancers. Then, we discuss the introduction of fruquintinib in the continuum of care of CRC paying special attention to unmet needs, including the identification of cross-resistant and potentially susceptible populations, evaluation of radiological response, and identification of novel biomarkers of clinical benefit.
2023
24
5840
5851
Lavacchi, Daniele; Roviello, Giandomenico; Guidolin, Alessia; Romano, Silvia; Venturini, Jacopo; Caliman, Enrico; Vannini, Agnese; Giommoni, Elisa; Pellegrini, Elisa; Brugia, Marco; Pillozzi, Serena; Antonuzzo, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1306059
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