Wound healing (WH) is a complex multistep process in which a failure could lead to a chronic wound (CW). CW is a major health problem and includes leg venous ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure ulcers. CW is difficult to treat and affects vulnerable and pluripathological patients. On the other hand, excessive scarring leads to keloids and hypertrophic scars causing disfiguration and sometimes itchiness and pain. Treatment of WH includes the cleaning and careful handling of injured tissue, early treatment and prevention of infection, and promotion of healing. Treatment of underlying conditions and the use of special dressings promote healing. The patient at risk and risk areas should avoid injury as much as possible. This review aims to summarize the role of physical therapies as complementary treatments in WH and scarring. The article proposes a translational view, opening the opportunity to develop these therapies in an optimal way in clinical management, as many of them are emerging. The role of laser, photobiomodulation, photodynamic therapy, electrical stimulation, ultrasound therapy, and others are highlighted in a practical and comprehensive approach.

The Role of Physical Therapies in Wound Healing and Assisted Scarring / Montserrat Fernández-Guarino, Stefano Bacci, Luis Alfonso Pérez González, Mariano Bermejo-Martínez, Almudena Cecilia-Matilla, Maria Luisa Hernández-Bule. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - STAMPA. - 24:(2023), pp. 7487-7503. [10.3390/ijms24087487]

The Role of Physical Therapies in Wound Healing and Assisted Scarring

Stefano Bacci
Conceptualization
;
2023

Abstract

Wound healing (WH) is a complex multistep process in which a failure could lead to a chronic wound (CW). CW is a major health problem and includes leg venous ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, and pressure ulcers. CW is difficult to treat and affects vulnerable and pluripathological patients. On the other hand, excessive scarring leads to keloids and hypertrophic scars causing disfiguration and sometimes itchiness and pain. Treatment of WH includes the cleaning and careful handling of injured tissue, early treatment and prevention of infection, and promotion of healing. Treatment of underlying conditions and the use of special dressings promote healing. The patient at risk and risk areas should avoid injury as much as possible. This review aims to summarize the role of physical therapies as complementary treatments in WH and scarring. The article proposes a translational view, opening the opportunity to develop these therapies in an optimal way in clinical management, as many of them are emerging. The role of laser, photobiomodulation, photodynamic therapy, electrical stimulation, ultrasound therapy, and others are highlighted in a practical and comprehensive approach.
2023
24
7487
7503
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Montserrat Fernández-Guarino, Stefano Bacci, Luis Alfonso Pérez González, Mariano Bermejo-Martínez, Almudena Cecilia-Matilla, Maria Luisa Hernández-Bule
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1306779
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