AimOrthorexia nervosa (ON) is a condition characterized by an excessive importance attributed to the intake of healthy foods. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of ON in subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared to control subjects.MethodsPatient with T1D using either flash glucose monitoring or continuous glucose monitoring were enrolled. For the selection of control group, each patient was asked to indicate one non-diabetic subject of their same sex and approximate age among colleagues at work and school. Patients and controls completed the following questionnaires: ORTO-15, Dusseldorf Orthorexie Scale (DOS), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). The principal outcome was the prevalence of ON among T1D and control subjects.ResultsWe enrolled 44 patients with T1D aged 39.7 +/- 15.7 years, with BMI 24.3 +/- 4.3 kg/m(2), and mean HbA1c 53.5 [49-57] mmol/mol. Control subjects were similar to T1D with respect to sex, age and BMI. Thirty-two [72%] and 29 [65%] subjects among patients and controls, respectively, had ORTO15 < 40 (between-group p = 0.48). Two (4.5%) and zero subjects among patients and controls, respectively, had DOS >= 30 (p = 0.29). Median scores of DOS, but not of ORTO-15, were significantly higher in patients than in controls. None of the metabolic variables showed a correlation with psychometric tests in T1D.ConclusionAlthough the prevalence of ON was not significantly higher in T1D than in controls, patients with T1D showed higher scores of some, but not all, tests assessing orthorexia, without any significant correlation with metabolic parameters.

Orthorexia nervosa and type 1 diabetes: results of a cross-sectional study / Cosentino, Claudia; Rossi, Eleonora; Pala, Laura; Lelmi, Romina; Campanino, Chiara; Ricca, Valdo; Mannucci, Edoardo; Dicembrini, Ilaria; Rotella, Francesco. - In: ACTA DIABETOLOGICA. - ISSN 0940-5429. - STAMPA. - 60:(2023), pp. 681-686. [10.1007/s00592-023-02044-9]

Orthorexia nervosa and type 1 diabetes: results of a cross-sectional study

Cosentino, Claudia;Rossi, Eleonora;Pala, Laura;Lelmi, Romina;Ricca, Valdo;Mannucci, Edoardo;Dicembrini, Ilaria;Rotella, Francesco
2023

Abstract

AimOrthorexia nervosa (ON) is a condition characterized by an excessive importance attributed to the intake of healthy foods. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of ON in subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared to control subjects.MethodsPatient with T1D using either flash glucose monitoring or continuous glucose monitoring were enrolled. For the selection of control group, each patient was asked to indicate one non-diabetic subject of their same sex and approximate age among colleagues at work and school. Patients and controls completed the following questionnaires: ORTO-15, Dusseldorf Orthorexie Scale (DOS), Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). The principal outcome was the prevalence of ON among T1D and control subjects.ResultsWe enrolled 44 patients with T1D aged 39.7 +/- 15.7 years, with BMI 24.3 +/- 4.3 kg/m(2), and mean HbA1c 53.5 [49-57] mmol/mol. Control subjects were similar to T1D with respect to sex, age and BMI. Thirty-two [72%] and 29 [65%] subjects among patients and controls, respectively, had ORTO15 < 40 (between-group p = 0.48). Two (4.5%) and zero subjects among patients and controls, respectively, had DOS >= 30 (p = 0.29). Median scores of DOS, but not of ORTO-15, were significantly higher in patients than in controls. None of the metabolic variables showed a correlation with psychometric tests in T1D.ConclusionAlthough the prevalence of ON was not significantly higher in T1D than in controls, patients with T1D showed higher scores of some, but not all, tests assessing orthorexia, without any significant correlation with metabolic parameters.
2023
60
681
686
Cosentino, Claudia; Rossi, Eleonora; Pala, Laura; Lelmi, Romina; Campanino, Chiara; Ricca, Valdo; Mannucci, Edoardo; Dicembrini, Ilaria; Rotella, Francesco
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1313921
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact