IntroductionThe aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) <4.5 h after symptom onset plus mechanical thrombectomy (MT) <6 h with those treated with IVT alone <4.5 h for minor stroke (NIHSS & LE;5) with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation.Patients and methodsPatients enrolled in the Italian Registry of Endovascular Treatment in Acute Stroke (IRETAS) and in the Italian centers included in the SITS-ISTR were analyzed.ResultsAmong the patients with complete data on 24-h ICH type, 236 received IVT plus MT and 382 received IVT alone. IVT plus MT was significantly associated with unfavorable shift on 24-h ICH types (from no ICH to PH-2) (OR, 2.130; 95% CI, 1.173-3.868; p=0.013) and higher rate of PH (OR, 4.363; 95% CI, 1.579-12.055; p=0.005), sICH per ECASS II definition (OR, 5.527; 95% CI, 1.378-22.167; p=0.016), and sICH per NINDS definition (OR, 3.805; 95% CI, 1.310-11.046; p=0.014). Among the patients with complete data on 3-month mRS score, 226 received IVT plus MT and 262 received IVT alone. No significant difference was reported between IVT plus MT and IVT alone on mRS score 0-1 (72.1% versus 69.1%), mRS score 0-2 (79.6% versus 79%), and death (6.2% versus 6.1%).ConclusionsCompared with IVT alone, IVT plus MT was associated with unfavorable shift on 24-h ICH types and higher rate of 24-h PH and sICH in patients with minor stroke and LVO in the anterior circulation. However, no difference was reported between the groups on 3-month functional outcome measures.

IV thrombolysis plus thrombectomy versus IV thrombolysis alone for minor stroke with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion from the IRETAS and Italian SITS-ISTR cohorts / Cappellari, Manuel; Pracucci, Giovanni; Saia, Valentina; Fainardi, Enrico; Casetta, Ilaria; Sallustio, Fabrizio; Ruggiero, Maria; Longoni, Marco; Simonetti, Luigi; Zini, Andrea; Lazzarotti, Guido Andrea; Giannini, Nicola; Da Ros, Valerio; Diomedi, Marina; Vallone, Stefano; Bigliardi, Guido; Limbucci, Nicola; Nencini, Patrizia; Ajello, Daniele; Marcheselli, Simona; Burdi, Nicola; Boero, Giovanni; Bracco, Sandra; Tassi, Rossana; Boghi, Andrea; Naldi, Andrea; Biraschi, Francesco; Nicolini, Ettore; Castellan, Lucio; Del Sette, Massimo; Allegretti, Luca; Sugo, Annalisa; Buonomo, Orazio; Dell'Aera, Cristina; Saletti, Andrea; De Vito, Alessandro; Lafe, Elvis; Mazzacane, Federico; Bergui, Mauro; Cerrato, Paolo; Feraco, Paola; Piffer, Silvio; Augelli, Raffaele; Vit, Federica; Gasparotti, Roberto; Magoni, Mauro; Comelli, Simone; Melis, Maurizio; Menozzi, Roberto; Scoditti, Umberto; Cavasin, Nicola; Critelli, Adriana; Causin, Francesco; Baracchini, Claudio; Guzzardi, Giuseppe; Tarletti, Roberto; Filauri, Pietro; Orlandi, Berardino; Giorgianni, Andrea; Cariddi, Lucia Princiotta; Piano, Mariangela; Motto, Cristina; Gallesio, Ivan; Sepe, Federica Nicoletta; Romano, Giuseppe; Grasso, Maria Federico; Pauciulo, Alfredo; Rizzo, Annalisa; Comai, Alessio; Franchini, Enrica; Sicurella, Luigi; Galvano, Gianluca; Mannino, Marina; Mangiafico, Salvatore; Toni, Danilo; On Behalf Of The Iretas Group, null. - In: NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1590-1874. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 4401-4410. [10.1007/s10072-023-06948-w]

IV thrombolysis plus thrombectomy versus IV thrombolysis alone for minor stroke with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion from the IRETAS and Italian SITS-ISTR cohorts

Fainardi, Enrico;Limbucci, Nicola;Nencini, Patrizia;
2023

Abstract

IntroductionThe aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) <4.5 h after symptom onset plus mechanical thrombectomy (MT) <6 h with those treated with IVT alone <4.5 h for minor stroke (NIHSS & LE;5) with large vessel occlusion (LVO) in the anterior circulation.Patients and methodsPatients enrolled in the Italian Registry of Endovascular Treatment in Acute Stroke (IRETAS) and in the Italian centers included in the SITS-ISTR were analyzed.ResultsAmong the patients with complete data on 24-h ICH type, 236 received IVT plus MT and 382 received IVT alone. IVT plus MT was significantly associated with unfavorable shift on 24-h ICH types (from no ICH to PH-2) (OR, 2.130; 95% CI, 1.173-3.868; p=0.013) and higher rate of PH (OR, 4.363; 95% CI, 1.579-12.055; p=0.005), sICH per ECASS II definition (OR, 5.527; 95% CI, 1.378-22.167; p=0.016), and sICH per NINDS definition (OR, 3.805; 95% CI, 1.310-11.046; p=0.014). Among the patients with complete data on 3-month mRS score, 226 received IVT plus MT and 262 received IVT alone. No significant difference was reported between IVT plus MT and IVT alone on mRS score 0-1 (72.1% versus 69.1%), mRS score 0-2 (79.6% versus 79%), and death (6.2% versus 6.1%).ConclusionsCompared with IVT alone, IVT plus MT was associated with unfavorable shift on 24-h ICH types and higher rate of 24-h PH and sICH in patients with minor stroke and LVO in the anterior circulation. However, no difference was reported between the groups on 3-month functional outcome measures.
2023
4401
4410
Cappellari, Manuel; Pracucci, Giovanni; Saia, Valentina; Fainardi, Enrico; Casetta, Ilaria; Sallustio, Fabrizio; Ruggiero, Maria; Longoni, Marco; Simonetti, Luigi; Zini, Andrea; Lazzarotti, Guido Andrea; Giannini, Nicola; Da Ros, Valerio; Diomedi, Marina; Vallone, Stefano; Bigliardi, Guido; Limbucci, Nicola; Nencini, Patrizia; Ajello, Daniele; Marcheselli, Simona; Burdi, Nicola; Boero, Giovanni; Bracco, Sandra; Tassi, Rossana; Boghi, Andrea; Naldi, Andrea; Biraschi, Francesco; Nicolini, Ettore; Castellan, Lucio; Del Sette, Massimo; Allegretti, Luca; Sugo, Annalisa; Buonomo, Orazio; Dell'Aera, Cristina; Saletti, Andrea; De Vito, Alessandro; Lafe, Elvis; Mazzacane, Federico; Bergui, Mauro; Cerrato, Paolo; Feraco, Paola; Piffer, Silvio; Augelli, Raffaele; Vit, Federica; Gasparotti, Roberto; Magoni, Mauro; Comelli, Simone; Melis, Maurizio; Menozzi, Roberto; Scoditti, Umberto; Cavasin, Nicola; Critelli, Adriana; Causin, Francesco; Baracchini, Claudio; Guzzardi, Giuseppe; Tarletti, Roberto; Filauri, Pietro; Orlandi, Berardino; Giorgianni, Andrea; Cariddi, Lucia Princiotta; Piano, Mariangela; Motto, Cristina; Gallesio, Ivan; Sepe, Federica Nicoletta; Romano, Giuseppe; Grasso, Maria Federico; Pauciulo, Alfredo; Rizzo, Annalisa; Comai, Alessio; Franchini, Enrica; Sicurella, Luigi; Galvano, Gianluca; Mannino, Marina; Mangiafico, Salvatore; Toni, Danilo; On Behalf Of The Iretas Group, null
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1323052
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