Women, especially following menopause, are known to have worse outcomes following acute ischemic stroke. One primary postulated biological mechanism for worse outcomes in older women is a reduction in the vasculoprotective effects of estrogen. Using the INTERRseCT cohort, a multicentre international observational cohort studying recanalization in acute ischemic stroke, we explored the effects of sex, and modifying effects of age, on neuroradiological predictors of recanalization including robustness of leptomeningeal collaterals, thrombus burden and thrombus permeability. Ordinal regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between sex and each of the neuroradiological markers. Further, we explored both multiplicative and additive interactions between age and sex. All patients (n = 575) from INTERRseCT were included. Mean age was 70.2 years (SD: 13.1) and 48.5% were women. In the unadjusted model, female sex was associated with better collaterals (OR 1.37, 95% CIs: 1.01-1.85), however this relationship was not significant after adjusting for age and relevant comorbidities. There were no significant interactions between age and sex. In a large prospective international cohort, we found no association between sex and radiological predictors of recanalization including leptomeningeal collaterals, thrombus permeability and thrombus burden.

Exploring sex differences for acute ischemic stroke clinical, imaging, and thrombus characteristics in the INTERRSeCT study / Rebchuk, Alexander D; Hill, Michael D; Goyal, Mayank; Demchuk, Andrew; Coutts, Shelagh B; Asdaghi, Negar; Dowlatshahi, Dar; Holodinsky, Jessalyn K; Fainardi, Enrico; Shankar, Jai; Najm, Mohamed; Rubiera, Marta; Khaw, Alexander V; Qiu, Wu; Menon, Bijoy K; Field, Thalia S. - In: JOURNAL OF CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0271-678X. - ELETTRONICO. - (2023), pp. 1803-1809. [10.1177/0271678X231189908]

Exploring sex differences for acute ischemic stroke clinical, imaging, and thrombus characteristics in the INTERRSeCT study

Fainardi, Enrico;
2023

Abstract

Women, especially following menopause, are known to have worse outcomes following acute ischemic stroke. One primary postulated biological mechanism for worse outcomes in older women is a reduction in the vasculoprotective effects of estrogen. Using the INTERRseCT cohort, a multicentre international observational cohort studying recanalization in acute ischemic stroke, we explored the effects of sex, and modifying effects of age, on neuroradiological predictors of recanalization including robustness of leptomeningeal collaterals, thrombus burden and thrombus permeability. Ordinal regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between sex and each of the neuroradiological markers. Further, we explored both multiplicative and additive interactions between age and sex. All patients (n = 575) from INTERRseCT were included. Mean age was 70.2 years (SD: 13.1) and 48.5% were women. In the unadjusted model, female sex was associated with better collaterals (OR 1.37, 95% CIs: 1.01-1.85), however this relationship was not significant after adjusting for age and relevant comorbidities. There were no significant interactions between age and sex. In a large prospective international cohort, we found no association between sex and radiological predictors of recanalization including leptomeningeal collaterals, thrombus permeability and thrombus burden.
2023
1803
1809
Rebchuk, Alexander D; Hill, Michael D; Goyal, Mayank; Demchuk, Andrew; Coutts, Shelagh B; Asdaghi, Negar; Dowlatshahi, Dar; Holodinsky, Jessalyn K; Fainardi, Enrico; Shankar, Jai; Najm, Mohamed; Rubiera, Marta; Khaw, Alexander V; Qiu, Wu; Menon, Bijoy K; Field, Thalia S
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1323053
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