Although promising for biomedicine, the clinical translation of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) is limited by low biocompatibility and stability in biological fluids. A common strategy to circumvent this drawback consists in disguising the active inorganic core with a lipid bilayer coating, reminiscent of the structure of the cell membrane to redefine the chemical and biological identity of NPs. While recent reports intro-duced membrane-coating procedures for NPs, a robust and accessible method to quantify the integrity of the bilayer coverage is not yet available. To fill this gap, we prepared SiO2 nanoparticles (SiO2NPs) with different membrane coverage degrees and monitored their interaction with AuNPs by combining micro-scopic, scattering, and optical techniques. The membrane-coating on SiO2NPs induces spontaneous clus-tering of AuNPs, whose extent depends on the coating integrity. Remarkably, we discovered a linear correlation between the membrane coverage and a spectral descriptor for the AuNPs' plasmonic reso-nance, spanning a wide range of coating yields. These results provide a fast and cost-effective assay to monitor the compatibilization of NPs with biological environments, essential for bench tests and scale-up. In addition, we introduce a robust and scalable method to prepare SiO2NPs/AuNPs hybrids through spontaneous self-assembly, with a high-fidelity structural control mediated by a lipid bilayer. CO 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Probing the coverage of nanoparticles by biomimetic membranes through nanoplasmonics / Cardellini, J.; Ridolfi, A.; Donati, M.; Giampietro, V.; Severi, M.; Brucale, M.; Valle, F.; Bergese, P.; Montis, C.; Caselli, L.; Berti, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 1095-7103. - STAMPA. - 640:(2023), pp. 100-109. [10.1016/j.jcis.2023.02.073]

Probing the coverage of nanoparticles by biomimetic membranes through nanoplasmonics

Cardellini, J.
Investigation
;
Ridolfi, A.
Investigation
;
Donati, M.
Investigation
;
Severi, M.;Montis, C.
Conceptualization
;
Caselli, L.
Conceptualization
;
Berti, D.
Supervision
2023

Abstract

Although promising for biomedicine, the clinical translation of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) is limited by low biocompatibility and stability in biological fluids. A common strategy to circumvent this drawback consists in disguising the active inorganic core with a lipid bilayer coating, reminiscent of the structure of the cell membrane to redefine the chemical and biological identity of NPs. While recent reports intro-duced membrane-coating procedures for NPs, a robust and accessible method to quantify the integrity of the bilayer coverage is not yet available. To fill this gap, we prepared SiO2 nanoparticles (SiO2NPs) with different membrane coverage degrees and monitored their interaction with AuNPs by combining micro-scopic, scattering, and optical techniques. The membrane-coating on SiO2NPs induces spontaneous clus-tering of AuNPs, whose extent depends on the coating integrity. Remarkably, we discovered a linear correlation between the membrane coverage and a spectral descriptor for the AuNPs' plasmonic reso-nance, spanning a wide range of coating yields. These results provide a fast and cost-effective assay to monitor the compatibilization of NPs with biological environments, essential for bench tests and scale-up. In addition, we introduce a robust and scalable method to prepare SiO2NPs/AuNPs hybrids through spontaneous self-assembly, with a high-fidelity structural control mediated by a lipid bilayer. CO 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2023
640
100
109
Cardellini, J.; Ridolfi, A.; Donati, M.; Giampietro, V.; Severi, M.; Brucale, M.; Valle, F.; Bergese, P.; Montis, C.; Caselli, L.; Berti, D.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1323295
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