Objectives To characterize a carbapenem-resistant Citrobacter freundii (Cf-Emp) co-producing class A, B and D carbapenemases, resistant to novel beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations (BLICs) and cefiderocol. Methods Carbapenemase production was tested by an immunochromatography assay. Antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) was performed by broth microdilution. WGS was performed using short- and long-read sequencing. Transfer of carbapenemase-encoding plasmids was assessed by conjugation experiments. Results Cf-Emp was isolated on selective medium for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales from the surveillance rectal swab taken at hospital admission from a patient of Moroccan origin. Cf-Emp produced three different carbapenemases, including KPC-2, OXA-181 and VIM-1, and was resistant to all beta-lactams including carbapenems, novel BLICs (ceftazidime/avibactam, meropenem/vaborbactam and imipenem/relebactam) and cefiderocol. MIC of aztreonam/avibactam was 0.25 mg/L. The strain belonged to ST22, one of the C. freundii lineages of global diffusion, known to be associated with carbapenemase production. Each carbapenemase gene was located aboard a different plasmid (named pCf-KPC, pCf-OXA and pCf-VIM, respectively), which also carried other clinically relevant resistance genes, such as armA (pCf-KPC), bla(SHV-12) (pCf-VIM) and qnrS1 (pCf-OXA). Transferability to Escherichia coli J53 by conjugation was observed for all plasmids. Conclusions The finding of enterobacterial strains carrying multiple carbapenemase genes on transferable plasmids is alarming, because similar strains could provide an important reservoir for disseminating these clinically relevant resistance determinants.

Citrobacter freundii resistant to novel β-lactamase inhibitor combinations and cefiderocol, co-producing class A, B and D carbapenemases encoded by transferable plasmids / Riccobono, Eleonora; Salvetti, Sara; Coppi, Marco; Montenora, Iolanda; Di Pilato, Vincenzo; Rossolini, Gian Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1460-2091. - ELETTRONICO. - 78:(2023), pp. 1677-1682. [10.1093/jac/dkad150]

Citrobacter freundii resistant to novel β-lactamase inhibitor combinations and cefiderocol, co-producing class A, B and D carbapenemases encoded by transferable plasmids

Riccobono, Eleonora;Salvetti, Sara;Coppi, Marco;Montenora, Iolanda;Di Pilato, Vincenzo;Rossolini, Gian Maria
2023

Abstract

Objectives To characterize a carbapenem-resistant Citrobacter freundii (Cf-Emp) co-producing class A, B and D carbapenemases, resistant to novel beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations (BLICs) and cefiderocol. Methods Carbapenemase production was tested by an immunochromatography assay. Antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) was performed by broth microdilution. WGS was performed using short- and long-read sequencing. Transfer of carbapenemase-encoding plasmids was assessed by conjugation experiments. Results Cf-Emp was isolated on selective medium for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales from the surveillance rectal swab taken at hospital admission from a patient of Moroccan origin. Cf-Emp produced three different carbapenemases, including KPC-2, OXA-181 and VIM-1, and was resistant to all beta-lactams including carbapenems, novel BLICs (ceftazidime/avibactam, meropenem/vaborbactam and imipenem/relebactam) and cefiderocol. MIC of aztreonam/avibactam was 0.25 mg/L. The strain belonged to ST22, one of the C. freundii lineages of global diffusion, known to be associated with carbapenemase production. Each carbapenemase gene was located aboard a different plasmid (named pCf-KPC, pCf-OXA and pCf-VIM, respectively), which also carried other clinically relevant resistance genes, such as armA (pCf-KPC), bla(SHV-12) (pCf-VIM) and qnrS1 (pCf-OXA). Transferability to Escherichia coli J53 by conjugation was observed for all plasmids. Conclusions The finding of enterobacterial strains carrying multiple carbapenemase genes on transferable plasmids is alarming, because similar strains could provide an important reservoir for disseminating these clinically relevant resistance determinants.
2023
78
1677
1682
Riccobono, Eleonora; Salvetti, Sara; Coppi, Marco; Montenora, Iolanda; Di Pilato, Vincenzo; Rossolini, Gian Maria
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1324016
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