This work inserts in the research field regarding the effects of altered gravity conditions on biological plant processes. Pinus pinea seeds germination was studied in simulated microgravity (2x10(-3)g) and hypergravity (20g) conditions.The effects of simulated gravity were evaluated monitoring the levels of the key enzymes, involved in the main metabolic pathway during germination process of lipid-rich seeds (oilseeds): isocitrate lyase and malate synthase for glyoxylate cycle, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase for beta-oxidation, isocitrate dehydrogenase for Krebs cycle, pyruvate kinase for glycolysis and glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase for pentose phosphate shunt. The simulated micro and hypergravity conditions were obtained by a Random Position Machine and a Hyperfuge, respectively.Results show that the levels of some tested enzymes, at different lag times of the germination process, have the same trend of controls (g = 1), but with significant differences from quantitative point of view. They are higher in microgravity conditions and lower in hypergravity ones, suggesting that, from a biochemical point of view, the germination process results accelerated in microgravity conditions and delayed in hypergravity ones. These biochemical results show a good correlation with morphological ones, obtained with the measurement of the length of the seeds sprouting radicle.These results give promising indications regarding the possibility to grow plant with lipid-rich seeds in spatial environment, to obtain food sources for astronauts during long term space missions and to reconstitute new atmosphere.

Glyoxylate cycle activity in Pinus pinea seeds during germination in altered gravity conditions / Faraoni, Paola; Sereni, Elettra; Gnerucci, Alessio; Cialdai, Francesca; Monici, Monica; Ranaldi, Francesco. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0981-9428. - STAMPA. - 139:(2019), pp. 389-394. [10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.03.042]

Glyoxylate cycle activity in Pinus pinea seeds during germination in altered gravity conditions

Faraoni, Paola;Sereni, Elettra;Gnerucci, Alessio;Cialdai, Francesca;Monici, Monica;Ranaldi, Francesco
2019

Abstract

This work inserts in the research field regarding the effects of altered gravity conditions on biological plant processes. Pinus pinea seeds germination was studied in simulated microgravity (2x10(-3)g) and hypergravity (20g) conditions.The effects of simulated gravity were evaluated monitoring the levels of the key enzymes, involved in the main metabolic pathway during germination process of lipid-rich seeds (oilseeds): isocitrate lyase and malate synthase for glyoxylate cycle, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase for beta-oxidation, isocitrate dehydrogenase for Krebs cycle, pyruvate kinase for glycolysis and glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase for pentose phosphate shunt. The simulated micro and hypergravity conditions were obtained by a Random Position Machine and a Hyperfuge, respectively.Results show that the levels of some tested enzymes, at different lag times of the germination process, have the same trend of controls (g = 1), but with significant differences from quantitative point of view. They are higher in microgravity conditions and lower in hypergravity ones, suggesting that, from a biochemical point of view, the germination process results accelerated in microgravity conditions and delayed in hypergravity ones. These biochemical results show a good correlation with morphological ones, obtained with the measurement of the length of the seeds sprouting radicle.These results give promising indications regarding the possibility to grow plant with lipid-rich seeds in spatial environment, to obtain food sources for astronauts during long term space missions and to reconstitute new atmosphere.
2019
139
389
394
Faraoni, Paola; Sereni, Elettra; Gnerucci, Alessio; Cialdai, Francesca; Monici, Monica; Ranaldi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1329232
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