In HILO microscopy, a highly inclined and laminated light sheet is used to illuminate the sample, thus drastically reducing background fluorescence in wide-field microscopy, but maintaining the simplicity of the use of a single objective for both illumination and detection. Although the technique has become widely popular, particularly in single molecule and super -resolution microscopy, a limited understanding of how to finely shape the illumination beam and of how this impacts on the image quality complicates the setting of HILO to fit the experimental needs. In this work, we build up a simple and comprehensive guide to optimize the beam shape and alignment in HILO and to predict its performance in conventional fluorescence and super -resolution microscopy. We model the beam propagation through Gaussian optics and validate the model through far-and near-field experiments, thus characterizing the main geometrical features of the beam. Further, we fully quantify the effects of a progressive reduction of the inclined beam thickness on the image quality of both diffraction-limited and super-resolution images and we show that the most relevant impact is obtained by reducing the beam thickness to sub-cellular dimensions (< 3 & mu;m). Based on this, we present a simple optical solution that exploits a rectangular slit to reduce the inclined beam thickness down to 2.6 & mu;m while keeping a field-of-view dimension suited for cell imaging and allowing an increase in the number of localizations in super-resolution imaging of up to 2.6 folds. & COPY; 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement

Optimization of highly inclined illumination for diffraction-limited and super-resolution microscopy / Gardini L.; Vignolini T.; Curcio V.; Pavone F.S.; Capitanio M.. - In: OPTICS EXPRESS. - ISSN 1094-4087. - ELETTRONICO. - 31:(2023), pp. 26208-26225. [10.1364/OE.492152]

Optimization of highly inclined illumination for diffraction-limited and super-resolution microscopy

Gardini L.
;
Vignolini T.;Pavone F. S.;Capitanio M.
2023

Abstract

In HILO microscopy, a highly inclined and laminated light sheet is used to illuminate the sample, thus drastically reducing background fluorescence in wide-field microscopy, but maintaining the simplicity of the use of a single objective for both illumination and detection. Although the technique has become widely popular, particularly in single molecule and super -resolution microscopy, a limited understanding of how to finely shape the illumination beam and of how this impacts on the image quality complicates the setting of HILO to fit the experimental needs. In this work, we build up a simple and comprehensive guide to optimize the beam shape and alignment in HILO and to predict its performance in conventional fluorescence and super -resolution microscopy. We model the beam propagation through Gaussian optics and validate the model through far-and near-field experiments, thus characterizing the main geometrical features of the beam. Further, we fully quantify the effects of a progressive reduction of the inclined beam thickness on the image quality of both diffraction-limited and super-resolution images and we show that the most relevant impact is obtained by reducing the beam thickness to sub-cellular dimensions (< 3 & mu;m). Based on this, we present a simple optical solution that exploits a rectangular slit to reduce the inclined beam thickness down to 2.6 & mu;m while keeping a field-of-view dimension suited for cell imaging and allowing an increase in the number of localizations in super-resolution imaging of up to 2.6 folds. & COPY; 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement
2023
31
26208
26225
Gardini L.; Vignolini T.; Curcio V.; Pavone F.S.; Capitanio M.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1329900
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