Purpose This study explores the possibility of a new method for x-ray computed tomography (CT) calibration by means of cross-calibration with proton CT (pCT) data. The proposed method aims at a more accurate conversion of CT Hounsfield Units (HU) into proton stopping power ratio (SPR) relative to water to be used in proton-therapy treatment planning.Methods X-ray CT scan was acquired on a synthetic anthropomorphic phantom, composed of different tissue equivalent materials (TEMs). A pCT apparatus was instead adopted to obtain a reference three-dimensional distribution of the phantom's SPR values. After rigid registration, the x-ray CT was artificially blurred to the same resolution of pCT. Then a scatter plot showing voxel-by-voxel SPR values as a function of HU was employed to link the two measurements and thus obtaining a cross-calibrated x-ray CT calibration curve. The cross-calibration was tested at treatment planning system and then compared with a conventional calibration based on exactly the same TEMs constituting the anthropomorphic phantom.Results Cross-calibration provided an accurate SPR mapping, better than by conventional TEMs calibration. The dose distribution of single beams optimized on the reference SPR map was recomputed on cross-calibrated CT, showing, with respect to conventional calibration, minor deviation at the dose fall-off (lower than 1%).Conclusions The presented data demonstrated that, by means of reference pCT data, a heterogeneous phantom can be used for CT calibration, paving the way to the use of biological samples, with their accurate description of patients' tissues. This overcomes the limitations of conventional CT calibration requiring homogenous samples, only available by synthetic TEMs, which fail in accurately mimicking the properties of biological tissues. Once a heterogeneous biological sample is provided with its corresponding reference SPR maps, a cross-calibration procedure could be adopted by other PT centers, even when not equipped with a pCT system.

Technical Note: CT calibration for proton treatment planning by cross-calibration with proton CT data / Farace, Paolo; Tommasino, Francesco; Righetto, Roberto; Fracchiolla, Francesco; Scaringella, Monica; Bruzzi, Mara; Civinini, Carlo. - In: MEDICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0094-2405. - ELETTRONICO. - 48:(2021), pp. 1349-1355. [10.1002/mp.14698]

Technical Note: CT calibration for proton treatment planning by cross-calibration with proton CT data

Bruzzi, Mara;
2021

Abstract

Purpose This study explores the possibility of a new method for x-ray computed tomography (CT) calibration by means of cross-calibration with proton CT (pCT) data. The proposed method aims at a more accurate conversion of CT Hounsfield Units (HU) into proton stopping power ratio (SPR) relative to water to be used in proton-therapy treatment planning.Methods X-ray CT scan was acquired on a synthetic anthropomorphic phantom, composed of different tissue equivalent materials (TEMs). A pCT apparatus was instead adopted to obtain a reference three-dimensional distribution of the phantom's SPR values. After rigid registration, the x-ray CT was artificially blurred to the same resolution of pCT. Then a scatter plot showing voxel-by-voxel SPR values as a function of HU was employed to link the two measurements and thus obtaining a cross-calibrated x-ray CT calibration curve. The cross-calibration was tested at treatment planning system and then compared with a conventional calibration based on exactly the same TEMs constituting the anthropomorphic phantom.Results Cross-calibration provided an accurate SPR mapping, better than by conventional TEMs calibration. The dose distribution of single beams optimized on the reference SPR map was recomputed on cross-calibrated CT, showing, with respect to conventional calibration, minor deviation at the dose fall-off (lower than 1%).Conclusions The presented data demonstrated that, by means of reference pCT data, a heterogeneous phantom can be used for CT calibration, paving the way to the use of biological samples, with their accurate description of patients' tissues. This overcomes the limitations of conventional CT calibration requiring homogenous samples, only available by synthetic TEMs, which fail in accurately mimicking the properties of biological tissues. Once a heterogeneous biological sample is provided with its corresponding reference SPR maps, a cross-calibration procedure could be adopted by other PT centers, even when not equipped with a pCT system.
2021
48
1349
1355
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Farace, Paolo; Tommasino, Francesco; Righetto, Roberto; Fracchiolla, Francesco; Scaringella, Monica; Bruzzi, Mara; Civinini, Carlo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1329922
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